Heat and Mass Transfer

, Volume 54, Issue 5, pp 1257–1266 | Cite as

Box-Behnken statistical design to optimize thermal performance of energy storage systems

  • Iman Joz Jalalian
  • Mohammad Mohammadiun
  • Hamid Hashemi Moqadam
  • Hamid Mohammadiun


Latent heat thermal storage (LHTS) is a technology that can help to reduce energy consumption for cooling applications, where the cold is stored in phase change materials (PCMs). In the present study a comprehensive theoretical and experimental investigation is performed on a LHTES system containing RT25 as phase change material (PCM). Process optimization of the experimental conditions (inlet air temperature and velocity and number of slabs) was carried out by means of Box-Behnken design (BBD) of Response surface methodology (RSM). Two parameters (cooling time and COP value) were chosen to be the responses. Both of the responses were significantly influenced by combined effect of inlet air temperature with velocity and number of slabs. Simultaneous optimization was performed on the basis of the desirability function to determine the optimal conditions for the cooling time and COP value. Maximum cooling time (186 min) and COP value (6.04) were found at optimum process conditions i.e. inlet temperature of (32.5), air velocity of (1.98) and slab number of (7).





Specific heat


Heat transferred


Mass flow




Volumetric flow


Coefficient of performace


Coefficient of determination


No. of factors and


No. of central points


Regression coefficients


Response factor


Coefficient of variation


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iman Joz Jalalian
    • 1
  • Mohammad Mohammadiun
    • 2
  • Hamid Hashemi Moqadam
    • 1
  • Hamid Mohammadiun
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Damghan BranchIslamic Azad UniversityDamghanIran
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shahrood branchIslamic Azad UniversityShahroodIran

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