Heat and Mass Transfer

, Volume 52, Issue 12, pp 2649–2659 | Cite as

Experimental study of water desorption isotherms and thin-layer convective drying kinetics of bay laurel leaves

  • Thouraya GhnimiEmail author
  • Lamine Hassini
  • Mohamed Bagane


The aim of this work is to determine the desorption isotherms and the drying kinetics of bay laurel leaves (Laurus Nobilis L.). The desorption isotherms were performed at three temperature levels: 50, 60 and 70 °C and at water activity ranging from 0.057 to 0.88 using the statistic gravimetric method. Five sorption models were used to fit desorption experimental isotherm data. It was found that Kuhn model offers the best fitting of experimental moisture isotherms in the mentioned investigated ranges of temperature and water activity. The Net isosteric heat of water desorption was evaluated using The Clausius–Clapeyron equation and was then best correlated to equilibrium moisture content by the empirical Tsami’s equation. Thin layer convective drying curves of bay laurel leaves were obtained for temperatures of 45, 50, 60 and 70 °C, relative humidity of 5, 15, 30 and 45 % and air velocities of 1, 1.5 and 2 m/s. A non linear regression procedure of Levenberg–Marquardt was used to fit drying curves with five semi empirical mathematical models available in the literature, The R2 and χ2 were used to evaluate the goodness of fit of models to data. Based on the experimental drying curves the drying characteristic curve (DCC) has been established and fitted with a third degree polynomial function. It was found that the Midilli Kucuk model was the best semi-empirical model describing thin layer drying kinetics of bay laurel leaves. The bay laurel leaves effective moisture diffusivity and activation energy were also identified.


Desorption Isotherm Equilibrium Moisture Content Isosteric Heat Moisture Ratio Effective Moisture Diffusivity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of symbols


Water activity


Air velocity (m/s)


Temperature (°K)


Air relative humidity (%)


Water mass in the product (Kg)


Dry matter mass (Kg)


Product moisture content at dry basis (Kg water/Kg dry matter)


Initial moisture content (Kg water/Kg dry matter)


Average moisture content at time t (Kg water/Kg dry matter)


Equilibrium moisture content (Kg water/Kg dry matter)


Moisture ratio


ith experimental moisture ratio


ith predicted moisture ratio


Average value of experimental moisture ratio


Number of observations


Number of constants in the drying model


Net isosteric heat of desorption (kJ/mol)


Ideal gaz constant (J/mol/K)


Slope of the desorption isosters

F (φ)

Dimensionless draying rate


Time (s)


Space coordinate (m)


Effective moisture diffusivity (m2/s)


Pre-exponential factor of Arrhenius equation (m2/s)


Thickness of sample (m)


Activation energy (kJ/mol)

a, b, c, k, k0, k1

Models constants


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thouraya Ghnimi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lamine Hassini
    • 2
  • Mohamed Bagane
    • 1
  1. 1.Applied Thermodynamics Unit Research, National Engineering School of Gabès, ENIGUniversity of GabèsGabèsTunisia
  2. 2.LETTM Laboratory, Sciences Faculty of TunisUniversity Tunis El ManarTunisTunisia

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