Heat and Mass Transfer

, Volume 52, Issue 11, pp 2563–2574 | Cite as

Melting and solidification characteristics of a mixture of two types of latent heat storage material in a vessel

  • JikSu YuEmail author
  • Akihiko Horibe
  • Naoto Haruki
  • Akito Machida
  • Masashi Kato


In this study, we investigated the fundamental melting and solidification characteristics of mannitol, erythritol, and their mixture (70 % by mass mannitol: 30 % by mass erythritol) as potential phase-change materials (PCMs) for latent heat thermal energy storage systems, specifically those pertaining to industrial waste heat, having temperatures in the range of 100–250 °C. The melting point of erythritol and mannitol, the melting peak temperature of their mixture, and latent heat were measured using differential scanning calorimetry. The thermal performance of the mannitol mixture was determined during melting and solidification processes, using a heat storage vessel with a pipe heat exchanger. Our results indicated phase-change (fusion) temperatures of 160 °C for mannitol and 113 and 150 °C for the mannitol mixture. Nondimensional correlation equations of the average heat transfer during the solidification process, as well as the temperature and velocity efficiencies of flowing silicon oil in the pipe and the phase-change material (PCM), were derived using several nondimensional parameters.


Mannitol Heat Transfer Coefficient Test Section Erythritol Melting Peak Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research was performed in cooperation with the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) of Japan.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • JikSu Yu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Akihiko Horibe
    • 2
  • Naoto Haruki
    • 2
  • Akito Machida
    • 3
  • Masashi Kato
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Power System EngineeringKunsan National UniversityGunsanRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Graduate School of Natural Science and TechnologyOkayama UniversityOkayamaJapan
  3. 3.Mayekawa MFG. CO., LTDMoriyaJapan

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