Heat and Mass Transfer

, Volume 52, Issue 7, pp 1283–1293 | Cite as

Validation of a heat conduction model for finite domain, non-uniformly heated, laminate bodies

  • Louis Desgrosseilliers
  • Moe Kabbara
  • Dominic Groulx
  • Mary Anne White


Infrared thermographic validation is shown for a closed-form analytical heat conduction model for non-uniformly heated, laminate bodies with an insulated domain boundary. Experiments were conducted by applying power to rectangular electric heaters and cooled by natural convection in air, but also apply to constant-temperature heat sources and forced convection. The model accurately represents two-dimensional laminate heat conduction behaviour giving rise to heat spreading using one-dimensional equations for the temperature distributions and heat transfer rates under steady-state and pseudo-steady-state conditions. Validation of the model with an insulated boundary (complementing previous studies with an infinite boundary) provides useful predictions of heat spreading performance and simplified temperature uniformity calculations (useful in log-mean temperature difference style heat exchanger calculations) for real laminate systems such as found in electronics heat sinks, multi-ply stovetop cookware and interface materials for supercooled salt hydrates. Computational determinations of implicit insulated boundary condition locations in measured data, required to assess model equation validation, were also demonstrated. Excellent goodness of fit was observed (both root-mean-square error and R2 values), in all cases except when the uncertainty of low temperatures measured via infrared thermography hindered the statistical significance of the model fit. The experimental validation in all other cases supports use of the model equations in design calculations and heat exchange simulations.

List of symbols

Dimensional variables


Fin region insulated boundary condition location (m)


Estimated fin region insulated boundary condition location (m)


Convection heat transfer coefficient (W m−2 K−1)


Left-profile heated region convection heat transfer coefficient (W m−2 K−1)


Left-profile fin region convection heat transfer coefficient (W m−2 K−1)


Right-profile heated region convection heat transfer coefficient (W m−2 K−1)


Right-profile fin region convection heat transfer coefficient (W m−2 K−1)


Thermal conductivity (W m−1 K−1)


Heated region length (m)


Left-profile heated region length (m)


Right-profile heated region length (m)


Log-mean temperature difference (K)


Linear heat flux entering the fin region (W m−1)

\(q_{0}^{{\prime \prime }}\)

Applied finite heat flux (W m−2)


Thermal resistance above the highly conductive metal core (m2 K W−1)


Root-mean-square error


Quality of fit regression parameter


Layer thickness (m)


Temperature of the highly conductive metal core (K)


Applied temperature heat source (K)


Free stream temperature (K)


Boundary temperature at x = L (K)


Axial position (m)


Vertical axis position (m)

Greek symbols


Heated region constant (m−1)


Heated region particular solution (K)


Temperature uncertainty 95 % confidence limit (K)


Fin region constant (m−1)


Standard deviation



High conductivity metal core


Top thermally resistive layer


Bottom thermally resistive layer


Fin region only


Heated region only


Based on measurement data


Based on two-region fin model results


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Louis Desgrosseilliers
    • 1
    • 3
  • Moe Kabbara
    • 1
    • 3
  • Dominic Groulx
    • 1
    • 3
  • Mary Anne White
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada
  3. 3.Institute for Research in MaterialsDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada

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