Heat and Mass Transfer

, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 457–462 | Cite as

Experimental study of heat transfer in a HVMLI cryogenic tank after SCLIV

  • G. F. Xie
  • X. D. Li
  • R. S. WangEmail author


One of the worst accidents that may occur in a high-vacuum-multilayer-insulation (HVMLI) cryogenic tank is a sudden, catastrophic loss of insulating vacuum (SCLIV). The influence of SCLIV on the heat transfer characteristics in a HVMLI cryogenic tank has been researched experimentally in this paper. A test rig was built up and experiments were conducted using LN2 as the test medium. Some important phenomena and heat transfer characteristics in a vacuum-lost LN2 HVMLI cryogenic tank have been obtained. The effects of the insulation layer numbers and the initial liquid level on venting rate and heat flux leaking into the cryogenic liquid as well as the temperatures of wall and liquid have been analyzed and discussed for a LN2 HVMLI cryogenic tank after SCLIV in this paper.


Heat Transfer Heat Flux Insulation Layer Heat Transfer Characteristic Test Tank 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanic and Power, Institute of Refrigeration and CryogenicsShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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