Analytical model for melting in a semi-infinite PCM storage with an internal fin
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The most PCMs with high energy storage density have an unacceptably low heat conductivity and hence internal heat transfer enhancement techniques such as fins or other metal structures are required in latent heat thermal storage (LHTS) applications. Previous work has concentrated on numerical and experimental examination in determining the influence of the fins in melting phase change material. This paper presents a simplified analytical model based on a quasi-linear, transient, thin-fin equation which predicts the solid–liquid interface location and temperature distribution of the fin in the melting process with a constant imposed end-wall temperature. The analytical results are compared to the numerical results and they show good agreement. Due to the assumptions made in the model, the speed of the solid–liquid interface during the melting process is slightly too slow.
KeywordsLiquid Interface Melting Process Phase Change Material Transfer Enhancement Heat Transfer Enhancement
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