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European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

, Volume 74, Issue 7, pp 979–980 | Cite as

Paroxetine ameliorates whole-body allodynia

  • Hiroki Shiwaku
  • Toru Nishikawa
Letter to the Editor
  • 75 Downloads

Allodynia is one of the features of neuropathic pain, but its therapy is still insufficient [1]. Among the pathological mechanisms of neuropathic pain, the involvement of microglia has been well investigated. Especially, the upregulation of the P2X4 receptor, an ionotropic ATP receptor, in the microglia is a key molecular mechanism [2]. Paroxetine has a remarkable antagonistic potential for the P2X4 receptor [3]. Although the reported IC50 values for inhibition of the receptor function are similar between paroxetine (1.87 μM) [3] and duloxetine (1.59 μM) [4], paroxetine causes a slightly more complete attenuation of the P2X4 receptor function (to approximately 4% of control response of the receptor) than duloxetine (to about 9%) [4] that is one of the recommended drugs for the treatment of neuropathic pain. Indeed, paroxetine relieves allodynia in rodent models [3]. However, a recent therapeutic strategy for neuropathic pain does not mention such an analgesic effect of paroxetine [1]....

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesTokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate SchoolTokyoJapan

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