Effect of CYP3A5 and ABCB1 polymorphisms on the interaction between tacrolimus and itraconazole in patients with connective tissue disease
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The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of itraconazole (ITCZ), a potent inhibitor of CYP3A4 and P-glycoprotein, on the blood concentration 12 h after tacrolimus administration (C 12h) in relation to CYP3A5 6986A>G and ABCB1 3435C>T genotype status in patients with connective tissue disease (CTD).
Eighty-one CTD patients taking tacrolimus (Prograf®) once daily at night (2100 hours) were enrolled in this study. Whole blood samples were collected 12 h after tacrolimus administration at steady state.
The dose-adjusted tacrolimus C 12h with or without ITCZ co-administration was significantly higher in patients with CYP3A5*3/*3 than in those with the CYP3A5*1 allele [CYP3A5 *1/*1 vs. *1/*3 vs. *3/*3 = 1.67 vs. 2.70 vs. 4.83 ng/mL/mg (P = 0.003) and 0.68 vs. 0.97 vs. 2.20 ng/mL/mg (P < 0.001), respectively], but differences were not observed for ABCB1 genotypes. However, there was no difference in the increase rate of the dose-adjusted C 12h of tacrolimus between CYP3A5 or ABCB1 genotypes (P = 0.378 and 0.259). On the other hand, reduction of the estimated glomerular filtration rate exhibited a correlation with the C 12h of tacrolimus after ITCZ co-administration (r = −0.482, P = 0.009).
In CYP3A5*3/*3 patients, because the metabolic pathway for tacrolimus occurs only through CYP3A4, the combination with ITCZ seems to lead to a higher risk of acute renal dysfunction. Therefore, we suggest that the target blood tacrolimus concentration be set as low as possible through dose-adjustment for patients with the CYP3A5*3/*3 allele.
KeywordsItraconazole Tacrolimus CYP3A5 polymorphism Drug-drug interaction Connective tissue disease
This work was supported by a grant (No. 26460189) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, Japan.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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