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Marine Biology

, 163:140 | Cite as

Effects of an invasive mussel, Arcuatula senhousia, on local benthic consumers: a laboratory 13C‐labeling study

  • S. ComoEmail author
  • A. Pais
  • P. Rumolo
  • S. Saba
  • M. Sprovieri
  • P. Magni
Invasive Species - Original paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Invasive Species

Abstract

Filter-feeding bivalves play an important ecological role in aquatic systems through benthic–pelagic coupling. However, the mechanisms by which invasive mussels influence the food uptake by local consumers are little known. We tested the interactive effects of the invasive mussel Arcuatula senhousia and the native clam Ruditapes decussatus on the uptake of 13C-enriched microalgae, Isochrysis sp., by two polychaetes, the surface deposit feeder Cirriformia tentaculata and the sub-surface deposit feeder Phylo foetida. Polychaetes were exposed to two different densities of A. senhousia and R. decussatus used alone or together. In each treatment, the 13C-concentration throughout the sediment horizon (0–0.5, 0.5–2.5 and 2.5–5 cm) was also quantified. Results showed that, irrespective of bivalve densities, the 13C-uptake by C. tentaculata was lower in the presence of the two bivalves together than in the presence of one bivalve species (either A. senhousia or R. decussatus). This was consistent with decreased 13C-concentrations in the 0–0.5 cm sediment layer in the treatment with the two bivalves together. Contrary to C. tentaculata, no changes were observed among treatments in the 13C-uptake by P. foetida. This possibly reflected a limited 13C-enrichment of the lower sediment layers. Our main findings are: (1) A. senhousia reduces the 13C-uptake by R. decussatus, and (2) A. senhousia reduces the availability of phytoplankton-derived C for deposit feeders by impairing the feeding, incorporation and bio-deposition of R. decussatus. We conclude that the interaction of A. senhousia with native bivalves needs to be taken into consideration in future food web studies.

Keywords

Phytoplankton Bivalve Polychaete Algal Cell Deposit Feeder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Elena Maggi, Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi, Tasman Crowe and Giovanni De Falco for their comments and discussion during various stages of this work, and to Giovanni Fenzi, Andrea Satta and Fabio Antognarelli for their help in the field and in the laboratory. We sincerely thank two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on the manuscript. This work is a contribution to the EU FP7 project VECTORS (Vectors of Change in Oceans and Seas Marine Life, Impact on Economic Sectors; Grant Agreement No. 266445) and to the Flagship Project RITMARE—The Italian Research for the Sea—coordinated by the Italian National Research Council within the National Research Program 2011–2013.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Como
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Pais
    • 2
  • P. Rumolo
    • 3
  • S. Saba
    • 2
  • M. Sprovieri
    • 4
  • P. Magni
    • 1
  1. 1.Consiglio Nazionale delle RicercheIstituto per l’Ambiente Marino Costiero (CNR-IAMC)OristanoItaly
  2. 2.Laboratorio di Acquacoltura e Gestione delle Risorse Acquatiche, Sezione di Scienze Zootecniche, Dipartimento di AgrariaUniversità degli Studi di SassariSassariItaly
  3. 3.Consiglio Nazionale delle RicercheIstituto per l’Ambiente Marino Costiero (CNR-IAMC)NaplesItaly
  4. 4.Consiglio Nazionale delle RicercheIstituto per l’Ambiente Marino Costiero (CNR-IAMC)TrapaniItaly

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