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Marine Biology

, Volume 161, Issue 3, pp 681–696 | Cite as

Epibenthic macrofaunal community response after a mega-earthquake and tsunami in a shallow bay off central-south Chile

  • Eduardo Hernández-MirandaEmail author
  • José Cisterna
  • Ernesto Díaz-Cabrera
  • Rodrigo Veas
  • Renato A. Quiñones
Original Paper

Abstract

On February 27, 2010, the world’s sixth strongest earthquake on record (8.8 M w) and tsunami hit central Chile. We assess the response of the epibenthic macrofaunal community following this event in Coliumo Bay, one of the areas most affected by this mega-perturbation. The indicators of aggregate and compositional variability show that 3 years after this event, the community appears to have undergone the following dynamics: (1) At an inter-annual timescale, the community (both in density and biomass) shifted through different structures with apparent directionality; (2) Oceanographic and biological seasonality had a strong cyclical influence on the inter-annual community response; (3) There was spatial homogenization of the community over time (i.e., recovery of diversity), probably promoted by the ecological functionality of scavenger species (i.e., crab Cancer coronatus and snail Nassarius spp.) and by the proportional increase in non-dominant species; (4) Bathymetry and bottom dissolved oxygen also played significant roles in the spatial structure of this community; (5) Three years after the perturbation, total density and total community biomass were still considerably below those described under unperturbed conditions, mainly associated with the decrease in density and biomass of dominant species. Therefore, in spite of this apparent community compositional recovery, the aggregate variability currently remains below the levels reported prior to the effect of the mega-earthquake and tsunami. These results provide evidence that supports both the Cross-Scale Resilience Hypothesis and the Response Diversity Hypothesis.

Keywords

Biomass Community Density Adjacent Coastal Area Resemblance Measure Total Community Biomass 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was funded by FONDECYT 11100334 and 1130868 to E. Hernández-Miranda and by the Programa de Investigación Marina de Excelencia (PIMEX) of the Faculty of Natural and Oceanographic Sciences (University of Concepción, Chile). J. Cisterna was funded by a scholarship from CONICYT (Beca Magister 2010–2012) and by FONDECYT 11100334. R. A. Quiñones and E. Hernández-Miranda received additional funding from the Interdisciplinary Center for Aquaculture Research (INCAR; FONDAP Project Nº15110027). The authors would like to thank three anonymous reviewers and the Associated Editor Dr. M. G. Chapman for their valuable comments and suggestions to improve the quality of the paper.

Supplementary material

227_2013_2370_MOESM1_ESM.docx (68 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 68 kb)
227_2013_2370_MOESM2_ESM.docx (66 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 65 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo Hernández-Miranda
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • José Cisterna
    • 1
    • 3
  • Ernesto Díaz-Cabrera
    • 1
  • Rodrigo Veas
    • 1
  • Renato A. Quiñones
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Programa de Investigación Marina de Excelencia (PIMEX), Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y OceanográficasUniversidad de ConcepciónConcepciónChile
  2. 2.Interdisciplinary Center for Aquaculture Research (INCAR), Casilla 160-CUniversidad de ConcepciónConcepciónChile
  3. 3.Graduate Program in Oceanography, Department of Oceanography, Casilla 160-CUniversity of ConcepciónConcepciónChile

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