Marine Biology

, Volume 160, Issue 3, pp 691–702 | Cite as

Relationship between the growth and survival of larval Pacific bluefin tuna, Thunnus orientalis

  • Keisuke SatohEmail author
  • Yosuke Tanaka
  • Masachika Masujima
  • Makoto Okazaki
  • Yoshiki Kato
  • Hiroshi Shono
  • Kentaro Suzuki
Original Paper


We tested the hypothesis that a large body size and rapid growth rate affect the survival of larval Pacific bluefin tuna, Thunnus orientalis (PBT), and analyzed larval growth in relation to environmental conditions. Seven high density larval patches of PBT were tracked with reference buoys in the northwestern Pacific Ocean for 28–171 h in May–June from 2004 to 2008. The otolith radii and daily growth rates of the survivor larvae (collected on later tracking days of each tracking session) tended to be larger and more rapid, respectively, than those of original larvae (collected on earlier tracking days). A large body size was found to positively affect the survival of larval PBT, as did a rapid growth rate, even at an early larval stage (7 days after hatching). Generalized linear modeling showed that the otolith radius was influenced positively by the sea temperature, stratification parameter and food density, while the growth rate was influenced positively by the sea temperature and food density.


Standard Length Larval Growth Large Body Size Food Density Rapid Growth Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We especially thank Captain Y. Terada (in 2008), former Captain M. Onoda (2004–2007) and the crew of the “Shunyo-Maru” for their suggestions and constant support. We appreciate the support given on deck by K. Hiramoto, N. Chow, K. Hoshino, M. Yamada, K. Murai, K. Korenaga, T. Urushizaka, E. Asakawa, M. Tanikawa, K. Nishimura and M. Suda. We are grateful to K. Hoshino, M. Suda, S. Nara, H. Asai, Y. Takahashi and M. Tanikawa for their help in sorting and identifying ichthyoplankton species. We also thank Z. Suzuki, M. Miyabe, H. Honda, H. Okamoto and M. Ogura for encouraging us to conduct this study.

Supplementary material

227_2012_2124_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (10 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 9 kb)
227_2012_2124_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (14 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLSX 14 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keisuke Satoh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yosuke Tanaka
    • 2
  • Masachika Masujima
    • 3
  • Makoto Okazaki
    • 3
  • Yoshiki Kato
    • 4
  • Hiroshi Shono
    • 5
  • Kentaro Suzuki
    • 6
  1. 1.National Research Institute of Far Seas FisheriesShizuokaJapan
  2. 2.Amami StationNational Center for Stock EnhancementOhshimaJapan
  3. 3.National Research Institute of Fisheries ScienceYokohamaJapan
  4. 4.National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries Yokohama OfficeYokohamaJapan
  5. 5.Faculty of FisheriesKagoshima UniversityKagoshimaJapan
  6. 6.Institute of Environmental EcologyIDEA Consultants, Inc.ShidaJapan

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