Marine Biology

, Volume 160, Issue 8, pp 1789–1805 | Cite as

Biological impacts of ocean acidification: a postgraduate perspective on research priorities

  • Samantha L. GarrardEmail author
  • R. C. Hunter
  • A. Y. Frommel
  • A. C. Lane
  • J. C. Phillips
  • R. Cooper
  • R. Dineshram
  • U. Cardini
  • S. J. McCoy
  • M. Arnberg
  • B. G. Rodrigues Alves
  • S. Annane
  • M. R. de Orte
  • A. Kumar
  • G. V. Aguirre-Martínez
  • R. H. Maneja
  • M. D. Basallote
  • F. Ape
  • A. Torstensson
  • M. M. Bjoerk
Review, Concept, and Synthesis


Research into the effects of ocean acidification (OA) on marine organisms has greatly increased during the past decade, as realization of the potential dramatic impacts has grown. Studies have revealed the multifarious responses of organisms to OA conditions, indicating a high level of intra- and interspecific variation in species’ ability to accommodate these alterations. If we are to provide policy makers with sound, scientific input regarding the expected consequences of OA, we need a broader understanding of these predicted changes. As a group of 20 multi-disciplinary postgraduate students from around the globe, with a study focus on OA, we are a strong representation of ‘next generation’ scientists in this field. In this unique cumulative paper, we review knowledge gaps in terms of assessing the biological impacts of OA, outlining directions for future research.


Phytoplankton Meiofauna Ocean Acidification Carbonate Chemistry High pCO2 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The ‘acidification in aquatic environments’ workshop was sponsored by the Fram Centre, the Norwegian Polar Institute, the Institute of Marine Research, the Bjerknes Centre, the Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Avkaplan-NIVA, NOFIMA Marin, the University of Tromsø and the Association of Polar Early Career Scientists. We would like to give special acknowledgements to the organizing committee; Howard Browman, Clara Manno, Richard Bellerby, JoLynn Carroll, Kai Sorensen and Helge Tveiten and finally thank Sam Dupont and two anonymous reviewers for their comments on this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samantha L. Garrard
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. C. Hunter
    • 2
  • A. Y. Frommel
    • 3
  • A. C. Lane
    • 4
  • J. C. Phillips
    • 5
  • R. Cooper
    • 6
  • R. Dineshram
    • 4
  • U. Cardini
    • 7
  • S. J. McCoy
    • 8
  • M. Arnberg
    • 9
    • 10
  • B. G. Rodrigues Alves
    • 11
  • S. Annane
    • 12
  • M. R. de Orte
    • 13
  • A. Kumar
    • 14
  • G. V. Aguirre-Martínez
    • 13
  • R. H. Maneja
    • 3
  • M. D. Basallote
    • 13
  • F. Ape
    • 7
  • A. Torstensson
    • 15
  • M. M. Bjoerk
    • 16
  1. 1.Benthic Ecology GroupStazione Zoologica Anton DohrnIschia (NA)Italy
  2. 2.University of ExeterExeterUK
  3. 3.GEOMAR, Helmholtz Center for Ocean ResearchKielGermany
  4. 4.The Swire Institute of Marine ScienceThe University of Hong KongPokfulamHong Kong SAR
  5. 5.Nelson Institute for Environmental StudiesUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  6. 6.Department of BiologyVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  7. 7.Department of Life and Environmental SciencesPolytechnic University of MarcheAnconaItaly
  8. 8.Department of Ecology and EvolutionUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  9. 9.IRIS-International Research Institute of StavangerRandabergNorway
  10. 10.Marine Biology and Ecology Research CentreUniversity of PlymouthPlymouthUK
  11. 11.Benthic Dynamics Laboratory, Oceanographic InstituteUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  12. 12.Institut des sciences de la mer de RimouskiUniversité du Québec á RimouskiRimouskiCanada
  13. 13.Faculty of Marine and Environmental SciencesUniversity of CádizCádizSpain
  14. 14.Indian Institute of Science Education and ResearchNadiaIndia
  15. 15.Department of Marine EcologyUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden
  16. 16.Department of Chemistry, Marine ChemistryUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden

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