Advertisement

Marine Biology

, Volume 160, Issue 8, pp 1863–1874 | Cite as

Impact of ocean acidification on marine ecosystems: educational challenges and innovations

  • G. Fauville
  • R. Säljö
  • S. Dupont
Original Paper

Abstract

Population growth and social/technological developments have resulted in the buildup of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere and oceans to the extent that we now see changes in the earth’s climate and ocean chemistry. Ocean acidification is one consequence of these changes, and it is known with certainty that it will continue to increase as we emit more CO2 into the atmosphere. Ocean acidification is a global issue likely to impact marine organisms, food webs and ecosystems and to be most severely experienced by the people who depend on the goods and services the ocean provides at regional and local levels. However, research is in its infancy and the available data on biological impacts are complex (e.g., species-specific response). Educating future generations on the certainties and uncertainties of the emerging science of ocean acidification and its complex consequences for marine species and ecosystems can provide insights that will help assessing the need to mitigate and/or adapt to future global change. This article aims to present different educational approaches, the different material available and highlight the future challenges of ocean acidification education for both educators and marine biologists.

Keywords

Ocean Acidification Educational Resource Science Center Informal Education Climate Change Scientist 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

GF is funded by the Wallenberg Global Learning Network (http://wgln.stanford.edu/) and the Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg foundation (http://www.wallenberg.com/maw/). GF is member of the University of Gothenburg Learning and Media Technology Studio (http://www.letstudio.gu.se). SD is funded by the Linnaeus Centre for Marine Evolutionary Biology at the University of Gothenburg (http://www.cemeb.science.gu.se/) and supported by a Linnaeus-grant from the Swedish Research Councils VR and Formas. RS is Director of LinCS—The Linnaeus Centre for Research on Learning, Interaction, and Mediated Communication in Contemporary Society (http://www.lincs.gu.se)—funded by The Swedish Research Council and member of the University of Gothenburg priority research area Learning and its Learning and Media Technology Studio (http://www.letstudio.gu.se).

References

  1. Antilla L (2005) Climate of scepticism: US newspaper coverage of the science of climate change. Global Environ Chang 15(4):338–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bernie D, Lowe J, Tyrrell T, Legge O (2010) Influence of mitigation policy on ocean acidification. Geophys Re Lett 37:L15704Google Scholar
  3. Bolliger DU, Supanakorn S, Boggs C (2010) Impact of podcasting on student motivation in the online learning environment. Comput Educ 55:714–722CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Borges AV, Gypens N (2010) Carbonate chemistry in the coastal zone responds more strongly to eutrophication than to ocean acidification. Limnol Oceanogr 55:346–353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Boykoff MT (2007) Flogging a dead norm? Newspaper coverage of anthropogenic climate change in the United States and United Kingdom from 2003 to 2006. Society 39(4):470–481Google Scholar
  6. Boykoff MT, Boykoff JM (2004) Balance as bias: global warming and the US prestige press. Global Environ Chang 14(2):125–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Caldeira K, Wickett ME (2003) Anthropogenic carbon and ocean pH. Nature 425:365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Copley J (2007) Audio and video podcasts of lectures for campus-based students: production and evaluation of student use. Innov Educ Teach Int 44(4):387–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Crompton T (2011) Values matter. Nat Clim Chang 1:276–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Davis H, Maurin P (2011) Ocean acidification Florida educator workshop final evaluation report. NOAA. NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program, Silver SpringGoogle Scholar
  11. Deer B (2011) How the vaccine crisis was meant to make money. Brit Med J 342:c5258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dewey J (1938) Experience and education. Collier Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. Donnelly KM, Berge ZL (2006) Podcasting: co-opting MP3 players for education and training purposes. Online J Distance Learn Adm 9(3)Google Scholar
  14. Dupont S, Havenhand J, Thorndyke W, Peck L, Thorndyke M (2008) Near-future level of CO2-driven ocean acidification radically affects larval survival and development in the brittlestar Ophiothrix fragilis. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 373:285–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. European Commission (2005) Special Eurobarometer. Europeans, science and technology. http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_224_report_en.pdf. Accessed 24 Apr 2012
  16. Fauville G, Hodin J, Dupont S, Miller P, Haws J, Thorndyke M, Epel D (2011) Virtual ocean acidification laboratory as an efficient educational tool to address climate change issues. In: Filho WL (ed) The economic, social and political elements of climate change. Springer, Berlin, pp 825–836CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Feldman L, Maibach EW, Roser-Renouf C, Leiserowitz A (2011) Climate on cable: the nature and impact of global warming coverage on fox news, CNN, and MSNBC. Int J Press-Polit 17(1):3–31Google Scholar
  18. Hugues TP, Graham N, Jackson JBC, Mumby PJ, Steneck RS (2010) Rising to the challenge of sustaining coral reef resilience. Trends Ecol Evol 25:633–642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hunter KA, Liss PS, Surapipith V, Dentener F, Duce R, Kanakidou M, Kubilay N, Mahowald N, Okin G, Sarin M, Uematsu M, Zhu T (2011) Impacts of anthropogenic SOx, NOx and NH3 on acidification of coastal waters and shipping lanes. Geophys Res Lett 38:L13602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jansen VA, Stollenwork N, Jensen ME (2003) Measles outbreaks in a population with declining vaccine uptake. Science 301(5634):804CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Linder C, Östman L, Roberts DA, Wickman P-O, Erickson G, MacKinnon A (2011) Exploring the landscape of scientific literacy. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  22. Nyhan B, Reifler J (2010) When corrections fail: the persistence of political misperceptions. Polit Behav 32:303–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Osborne J, Dillon J (2008) Science education in Europe; Critical reflections. Nuffield Foundation, LondonGoogle Scholar
  24. Petersson E, Lantz-Andersson A, Säljö R (2011) Knowing nature through experimentation: science literacy and the situatedness of knowing. Paper presentation, invited SIG, EARLI conference 2011, Exeter, United KingdomGoogle Scholar
  25. Repstad P (2007) Närhet och distans: kvalitativa metoder i samhällsvetenskap. Studentlitteratur, LundGoogle Scholar
  26. Rocard M, Csermely P, Jorde D, Lenzen D, Walberg-Henriksson H, Hemmo V (2007) Science education now: a renewed pedagogy for the future of Europe. European Commission, LuxembourgGoogle Scholar
  27. Roth W-M, Désautels J (2004) Educating for citizenship: Reappraising the role of science education. Can J Sci Math Technol Educ 4:149–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Shim KC, Park JS, Kim HS, Kim JH, Park YC, Ryu HI (2003) Application of virtual reality technology in biology education. J Biol Educ 37(2):71–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sterner T (2003) Policy instruments for environmental and natural resource management. Resources for the Future, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  30. Taber CS, Lodge M (2006) Motivated skepticism in the evaluation of political beliefs. A J Polit Sci 50:755–769CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Turley CM, Blackford J (2005) The other CO2 problem. Mar Conserv 6(10):11Google Scholar
  32. Wakefield AJ, Murch SH, Anthony A, Linnell J, Casson DM, Malik M, Berelowitz M, Dhillon AP, Thomson MA, Harvey P, Valentine A, Davies SE, Walker-Smith JA (1998) Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in children. Lancet 351(9103):637–641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Himli N, Allemand D, Dupont S, Safa A, Haraldsson G, Nunese PD, Moore, C, Hattam C, Reynaud S, Hall-Spencer JM, Fine M, Turley C, Jeffree R, Orr J, Munday PL, Cooley S (submitted) How to evaluate the socio-economic impacts of ocean acidification? Mar BiolGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Department of Biological and Environmental SciencesUniversity of Gothenburg, The Sven Lovén Centre for Marine SciencesFiskebäckskilSweden
  2. 2.Department of Education, Communication and LearningUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden

Personalised recommendations