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Marine Biology

, Volume 150, Issue 1, pp 111–119 | Cite as

Phylogenetics of American scallops (Bivalvia: Pectinidae) based on partial 16S and 12S ribosomal RNA gene sequences

Research Article

Abstract

Pectinids constitute one of the most conspicuous groups of marine bivalves, and include some of the most important species from the point of view of fisheries and aquaculture. In spite of this, their systematics and evolution are not well understood. Only two molecular phylogenetic analyses based on relatively wide taxonomic samplings have been published. These studies largely neglected American species, some of which are central for testing current models of pectinid evolution and diversification, or are commercially valuable. We have sequenced 820 nucleotide base pairs of the 12S and 16S ribosomal RNA genes in nine species of pectinids belonging to six genera living along American coasts. Sequences from homologous regions of 19 other species were gathered from public databases. We constructed phylogenetic maximum-parsimony and maximum-likelihood trees of this set of 28 taxa. Our phylogenetic analysis indicates that Crassadoma is polyphyletic, and cementation to the substrate as a life habit could have appeared independently in two geographic chlamydinid lineages. Nodipecten is placed in the subfamily Pectininae, and the suspected close relationship of Amusium, Euvola and Pecten within this subfamily is also supported. Zygochlamys patagonica appears in the Chlamydinae subfamily, as expected. The existence of a separate subfamily Palliolinae is suggested but not supported statistically. The position of Argopecten, Aequipecten and Flexopecten within the subfamily Pectinidae, suggested by a recent study, could not be confirmed, and we argue that it could be due to a combination of long branch attraction and incomplete sequencing.

Keywords

Bivalve Maximum Parsimony Taxonomic Sampling Tree Bisection Reconnection Random Stepwise Addition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are extremely grateful to the following persons who provided scallop samples: Miguel Avendaño (Univ. Antofagasta, Chile); Claudia Bremec (INIDEP, Argentina); Lorraine Hamilton (DFO, Canada); Mike Heasman (NSW Fisheries, Australia); Henry Kaspar (Cawthron Institute, New Zealand); Ellen Kenchington (DFO, Canada); César Lodeiros (Univ. Oriente, Venezuela); Alfonso Maeda (CIBNOR, México); Samuel Peña (Harvard Univ., USA); Jay Parsons (DFO, Canada); Samia Sarkis (BBSR, Bermuda); Nick Savva (Spring Bay Seafoods, Australia); Laura Schejter (INIDEP, Argentina); and James Williams (Univ. Auckland, New Zealand). This research has been financed with grants from the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science and the Generalitat Valenciana (Spain). C.S. enjoys a “Ramón y Cajal” contract funded by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Acuicultura de Torre de la SalConsejo Superior de Investigaciones CientíficasCastellónSpain

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