Marine Biology

, Volume 149, Issue 6, pp 1463–1475 | Cite as

Seamount endemism questioned by the geographic distribution and population genetic structure of marine invertebrates

  • Sarah Samadi
  • Lionel Bottan
  • Enrique Macpherson
  • Bertrand Richer De Forges
  • Marie-Catherine Boisselier
Research Article

Abstract

Previous studies have suggested that the high diversity associated with the Norfolk seamounts (Southwest Pacific) could reflect endemism resulting from limited dispersal due to hydrological phenomena. Crustaceans of the family Galatheidae are thoroughly studied in the New Caledonia economic zone permitting the analysis of species distribution pattern between the New Caledonia slope and Norfolk ridge seamounts. This analysis has shown that, qualitatively, the same species are sampled on seamounts and on the New Caledonia slope. Local endemism was never detected. However, on each seamount, and therefore on a small surface, a very high number of species are usually sampled, suggesting that seamounts are biodiversity hot spots. Then, to evaluate whether the seamounts constitute patches of isolated habitat, we explore the pattern of genetic diversity within several species of crustaceans and gastropods. Analysis of the intra-specific genetic structure using the mitochondrial marker COI reveals that populations of two Galatheidae species (Munida thoe and Munida zebra), polymorphic for this marker, are genetically not structured, both among seamounts and between the seamounts and the island slope. The genetic structure over a similar sampling scheme of two Eumunida species (Chirostylidae, the sister family of Galatheidae) and a planktotrophic gastropod (Sassia remensa) reveals a similar pattern. Population structure is observed only in Nassaria problematica, a non-planktotrophic gastropod with limited larvae dispersal. Thus, the limitation of gene flow between seamounts appears to be observed only for species with limited dispersal abilities. Our results suggest that the Norfolk seamounts rather than functioning as areas of endemism, instead, may be highly productive zones that can support numerous species in small areas.

References

  1. Aboim MA (2005) Population genetics and evolutionary history of some deep-sea demersal fishes from the Azores - North Atlantic. University of Southampton, Faculty of Enginering Science and Mathematics, School of Ocean and Earth Science, PhD Thesis, 167 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Aboim MA, Menezes GM, Schlitt T, Rogers AD (2005) Genetic structure and history of populations of the deep-sea fish Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche, 1809) inferred from mtDNA sequence analysis. Mol Ecol 14:1343–1354CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Baba K (2004) Uroptychodes, new genus of Chirostylidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura), with description of three new species. Sci Mar 68:97–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Baba K (2005) Deep-sea chirostylid and galatheid crustaceans (Decapoda: Anomura) from the Indo-Pacific, with a list of species. Galathea Rep 20:1–317Google Scholar
  5. Baba K, Saint-Laurent M de (1996) Crustacea Decapoda: rev on of the genus Bathymunida Balss, 1914, and description of six new related genera (Galatheidae). Mém Mus Nat Hist Nat 168:433–502Google Scholar
  6. Barton NH (1998) Natural selection and random genetic drift as causes of evolution on islands. In: Grant PR (ed) Evolution on islands. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 102–123Google Scholar
  7. Boehlert GW, Mundy BC (1993) Ichtyoplancton assemblages at seamounts and oceanic islands. Bull Mar Sci 53:336–361Google Scholar
  8. Boisselier-Dubayle MC, Gofas S (1999) Genetic relationships between marine and marginal-marine populations of Cerithium species from the Mediterranean Sea. Mar Biol 135:671–682CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Collin R (2001) The effects of mode of development on phylogeography and population structure of North Atlantic Crepidula (Gastropoda: Calyptraeidae). Mol Ecol 10:2249–2262CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Colwell RK (2005) EstimateS: Statistical estimation of species richness and shared species from samples. Version 7.5. User’s guide and application published at: http://www.purl.oclc.org/estimates
  11. Colwell RK, Coddington JA (1994) Estimating terrestrial biodiversity through extrapolation. Phil Trans Roy Soc (B) 345:101–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Creasey S, Rogers AD (1999) Population genetics of bathyal and abyssal organisms. Adv Mar Biol 35:3–151Google Scholar
  13. Dijkstra HH, Gofas S (2004) Pectinoidea (Bivalvia: Propeamussiidae and Pectinidae) from some northeastern Atlantic seamounts. Sarsia 89(1):33–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Excoffier L, Smouse PE, Quattro JM (1992) Analysis of molecular variance inferred from metric distances among DNA haplotypes: application to human mitochondrial DNA restriction data. Genetics 131:479–491PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Flowers JM, Schroeter SC, Burton RS (2002) The recruitment sweepstakes has many winners: genetic evidence from the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. Evolution 56:1445–1453PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Fock H, Uiblein F, Koester F, von Westernhagen H (2002) Biodiversity and species-environment relationships of the demersal fish assemblage at the Great Meteor Seamount (subtropical NE Atlantic), sampled by different trawls. Mar Biol 141:185–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Folmer O, Black M, Hoen W, Lutz R, Vrijenhoek R (1994) DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Mol Mar Biol Biotechnol 3:294–299PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Fratini S, Vannini M (2002) Genetic differentiation in the mud crab Scylla serrata (Decapoda: Portunidae) within the Indian Ocean. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 272:103–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Genin A (2004) Bio-physical coupling in the formation of zooplankton and fish aggregations over abrupt topographies. J Mar Syst 50:3–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gofas S (2000) Four species of the family Fasciolariidae (Gastropoda) from the North Atlantic seamounts. J Conchol 37:7–16Google Scholar
  21. Gofas S, Beu A (2002) Tonnoidean gastropods of the North Atlantic seamounts and the Azores. Amer Malacol Bull 17:91–108Google Scholar
  22. Hassanin A, Lecointre G, Tillier S (1998) The ‘evolutionary signal’ of homoplasy in protein-coding gene sequences and its consequences for a priori weighting in phylogeny. Evolution 321:611–620Google Scholar
  23. Hedgecock D (1994) Does variance in reproductive success limit effective population sizes of marine organisms? In: Beaumont AR (ed) Genetics and evolution of aquatic organisms. Chapman and Hall, London, pp 122–134Google Scholar
  24. Heinz P, Ruepp D, Hemleben C (2004) Benthic foraminifera assemblages at Great Meteor Seamount. Mar Biol 144:985–998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Koslow JA, Gowlett-Holmes K, Lowry J, O’Hara T, Poore G, Williams A (2001) The seamount benthic macrofauna off southern Tasmania: community structure and impacts of trawling. Mar Ecol Progr Ser 213:111–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kyle CJ, Boulding EG (2000) Comparative population genetic structure of marine gastropods (Littorina spp.) with and without pelagic larval dispersal. Mar Biol 137:835–845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Machordom A, Macpherson E (2004) Rapid radiation and cryptic speciation in galatheid crabs of the genus Munida and related genera in the South West Pacific: molecular and morphological evidence. Mol Phyl Evol 33:259–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Macpherson E (1993) Crustacea Decapoda: Species of the genus Paramunida Baba, 1988 (Galatheidae) from the Philippines, Indonesia and New Caledonia. Mém Mus Nat Hist Nat 156:443–473Google Scholar
  29. Macpherson E (1994) Crustacea Decapoda: Studies on the genus Munida Leach, 1820 (Galatheidae) in New Caledonian and adjacent waters with descriptions of 56 new species. Mém Mus Nat Hist Nat 161:421–569Google Scholar
  30. Macpherson E, Machordom A (2005) Description of three sibling new species of the genus Munida Leach, 1820 (Decapoda, Galatheidae) from New Caledonia using morphological and molecular data. J Nat Hist 39:819–834CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Mantel N (1967) The detection of disease clustering and a generalized regression approach. Cancer Res 27:209–220PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Miyazaki JI, Shintaku M, Kyuno A, Fujiwara Y, Hashinoto J, Iwasaki H (2004) Phylogenetic relationships of deep-sea mussels of the genus Bathymodiolus (Bivalvia: Mythilidae). Mar Biol 144:527–535CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Morrison CL, Harvey AW, Lavery S, Tieu K, Huang Y, Cunningham CW (2002) Mitochondrial gene rearrangement confirm the parallel evolution of the crab-like form. Proc R Soc London B Biol Sci 269:345–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Mullineaux LS, Mills SW (1996) A test of the larval retention hypothesis in semount-generated flows. Deep Sea Res I 44:745–770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Nei M (1987) Molecular evolutionary genetics. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  36. Parker T, Tunnicliffe V (1994) Dispersal strategies of the biota on an oceanic seamount: implications for ecology and biogeography. Biol Bull 187:336–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Richer de Forges B, Koslow JA, Poore GC (2000) Diversity and endemism of the benthic seamount fauna in the southwest Pacific. Nature 405:944–947CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Richer de Forges B, Chauvin C (2005) Indo-Pacific deep-sea fauna: species richness and vulnerability of seamount fauna. Assises de la Recherche Française dans le Pacifique 24–27 Août 2004, 37–38 (Abstract)Google Scholar
  39. Roberts CM (2002) Deep impact: the rising toll of fishing in the deep sea. TREE 17:242–245Google Scholar
  40. Roden GI (1987) Effects of seamounts and seamount chains on oceanic circulation and thermocline structure. In: Keating BH et al. (eds) Seamounts, islands and atolls, Geophysical Monographs Ser 43. AGU, Washington DC pp 335–354Google Scholar
  41. Rogers AD (1994) The biology of seamounts. Adv Mar Biol 30:305–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Saint Laurent M de, Macpherson E (1990) Crustacea Decapoda: Le genre Eumunida (Chirostylidae) dans les eaux néo-calédoniennes. Mém Mus Nat Hist Nat 145:227–288Google Scholar
  43. Sanger F, Nicklen S, Coulson AR (1977) DNA sequencing with chain-terminating inhibitors. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 74:5463–5467PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Schneider S, Dueffer JM, Roessli D, Excoffier L (2000) Arlequin ver 2.0: A software for population genetics data analysis. Genetics and Biometry Laboratory, University of Geneva, Switzerland. URL: http://www.anthropologie.unige.ch/arlequin
  45. Smith PJ, McVeagh SM, Mingoia JT, France SC (2004) Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation in deep-sea bamboo coral (Keratoisidinae) species in the southwest and northwest Pacific Ocean. Mar Biol 144:253–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Swofford DL (1993) PAUP: phylogenetic analysis using parsimony. Illinois Natural History Survey, ChampaignGoogle Scholar
  47. Tajima F (1983) Evolutionary relationship of DNA sequences in finite populations. Genetics 105:437–460PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Tajima F (1989) Statistical method for testing the neutral mutation hypothesis by DNA polymorphism. Genetics 123:585–595PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Tamura K, Nei M (1993) Estimation of the number of nucleotide substitutions in the control region of mitochondrial DNA in humans and chimpanzees. Mol Biol Evol 10:512–526PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Todd CD, Lambert WJ, Thorpe JP (1998) The genetic structure of intertidal populations of two species of nudibranch molluscs with planktotrophic and pelagic lecithotrophic larval stages: are pelagic larvae “for” dispersal? J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 228:1–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Turner TF, Richardson LR, Gold JR (1999) Temporal genetic variation of mtDNA and effective female population size of red drum in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Mol Ecol 8:1223–1230CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Weir BS, Cockerham CC (1984) Estimating F-statistics for the analysis of population structure. Evolution 38:1358–1370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Won Y, Young CR, Lutz RA, Vrijenhoek RC (2003) Dispersal barriers and isolation among deep-sea mussel populations (Mytilidae: Bathymodiolus) from eastern Pacific hydrothermal vents. Mol Ecol 12:3185–3190CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Worm B, Lotze HK, Myers RA (2003) Predators diversity hotspots in the blue ocean. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 100:9884–9888PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah Samadi
    • 1
  • Lionel Bottan
    • 1
  • Enrique Macpherson
    • 2
  • Bertrand Richer De Forges
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Marie-Catherine Boisselier
    • 1
  1. 1.“Systématique, Adaptation et Evolution”, UR IRD 148 /UMR 7138 UPMC; IRD; MNHN; CNRS, Service de systématique moléculaire (CNRS, IFR101), Département Systématique et EvolutionMuséum National d’Histoire NaturelleParis Cedex 05France
  2. 2.Centro de Estudios Avanzados de Blanes (CSIC)Blanes, GironaSpain
  3. 3.“Systématique, Adaptation et Evolution”, UMR 7138 UPMC-IRD-MNHN-CNRS (UR IRD 148)Institut de Recherche pour le DéveloppementNouvelle-CalédonieFrance

Personalised recommendations