The first green biorefinery of larch wood based on the fractionation of biomass into dihydroquercetin (DHQ), arabinogalactan (AG), microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) and soluble lignin (SL) is reported. The new green method of one-step isolation of DHQ and AG from larch wood by ethanol–water solution was developed. The first results of kinetic studies and optimization of the process of extracted larch wood peroxide fractionation into MCC and SL in acetic acid–water medium in the presence of green TiO2 catalyst are described. The products obtained from larch wood were characterized by FTIR, NMR, XRD, AFM and chemical methods. The scheme of larch wood biorefinery is suggested which integrates the developed processes of woody biomass fractionation into DHQ, AG, MCC and SL. All developed methods use non-toxic and less-toxic reagents, such as water, ethanol, hydrogen peroxide and acetic acid.
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The reported study was supported by Russian Science Foundation Grant No. 16-13-10326. This work is part of GDRI “Catalytic biomass transformation” between France and Russia. The registration of IR and NMR spectra was performed using the spectrometers of Krasnoyarsk regional center for collective use of the SB RAS.
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Kuznetsov, B.N., Sudakova, I.G., Garyntseva, N.V. et al. Green biorefinery of larch wood biomass to obtain the bioactive compounds, functional polymers and nanoporous materials. Wood Sci Technol 52, 1377–1394 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00226-018-1029-7