Wood Science and Technology

, Volume 52, Issue 5, pp 1343–1357 | Cite as

Study on the demethylation of enzymatic hydrolysis lignin and the properties of lignin–epoxy resin blends

  • Fang WangEmail author
  • Juntao Kuai
  • Hengshi Pan
  • Nana Wang
  • Xinbao Zhu


To increase hydroxyl content in lignin, demethylation of enzymatic hydrolysis lignin (DML) was conducted using 1-dodecanethiol as nucleophilic reagent and sodium methoxide as catalyst in this work. Under alkaline conditions, the demethylated lignin–epoxy resin (DML-EP) was synthesized by demethylated lignin reacted with epichlorohydrin (ECH). The optimum conditions for the synthesis of DML-EP were: 80 °C, 2.5 h, molar ratio of ECH and NaOH to phenolic hydroxyl of 7.5 and 1.2, respectively. FTIR spectrum showed the epoxy group appeared in the product. Then, the lignin-based epoxy composites were produced by cast molding method. Tensile strength test reflects that DML-EP-reinforced epoxy composites have an obvious improvement in tensile strength and elongation of about 27 and 34% compared to the pure epoxy resin with 5% content. Scanning electron microscopy images showed the fractured surface of DML-EP/epoxy composites was rough. Rheological analysis showed that the cured DML-EP/E-51 epoxy resin composites had better elasticity and bonding effect. TGA experiment showed the thermal stability of DML-EP/epoxy composites was also improved. Non-isothermal method was used to analyze the curing kinetics of E-51 resin and DML-EP/E-51 composites, and the curing apparent activation energy was calculated using the Kissinger and Ozawa methods.



This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31200451). And we also thank Advanced Analysis and Testing Center, Nanjing Forestry University, for SEM characterization.

Supplementary material

226_2018_1024_MOESM1_ESM.jpg (615 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (JPEG 614 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemical EngineeringNanjing Forestry UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Jiangsu Key Lab for the Chemistry and Utilization of Agricultural and Forest BiomassNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

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