Wood Science and Technology

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 123–136 | Cite as

Modification of three hardwoods with an N-methylol melamine compound and a metal-complex dye

  • Bodo Caspar Kielmann
  • Stergios Adamopoulos
  • Holger Militz
  • Gerald Koch
  • Carsten MaiEmail author


This study evaluated the combined modification and staining of ash, beech and maple wood with a low molecular weight N-methylol melamine compound (NMM) and a metal-complex dye. Wood samples were treated with aqueous solutions of 10, 20 and 30 wt% NMM and 5 wt% of the dye. The treatment caused the fixation of the water-soluble dye by the NMM resin. Vacuum pressure impregnation of unsealed wood blocks did not result in different solution uptake and weight percent gain after curing among the three species, but sealing of the surfaces of the wood blocks to allow penetration only into one direction revealed easiest penetrability of beech followed by maple and ash. UV micro-spectrophotometry and light microscopy indicated that NMM was partly deposited in the cell wall and partly in the lumens. Penetration of the metal-complex dye was shown by means of X-ray micro-analysis (SEM–EDX). The study shows that a combined resin modification and staining of the three wood species tested is possible and that NMM causes fixation of the water-soluble dye.


Melamine Treated Wood Weight Percent Gain Wood Cell Wall Untreated Wood 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors express their appreciation to Tanja Potsch and Karin Brandt for their valuable help during the sample preparation and the actual measurements conducted at the Institute for Wood Technology and Wood Biology, Federal Research Institute of Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries (vTI), Hamburg, Germany.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bodo Caspar Kielmann
    • 1
  • Stergios Adamopoulos
    • 1
    • 2
  • Holger Militz
    • 1
  • Gerald Koch
    • 3
  • Carsten Mai
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Wood Biology and Wood Products, Burckhardt InstituteGeorg-August-University GöttingenGöttingenGermany
  2. 2.Department of Forestry and Management of Natural EnvironmentTechnological Educational Institute of LarissaKarditsaGreece
  3. 3.Institute for Wood Technology and Wood Biology, Federal Research Institute of Rural AreasForestry and Fisheries (vTI)HamburgGermany

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