Skip to main content
Log in

Chemical modification of simul wood with styrene–acrylonitrile copolymer and organically modified nanoclay

  • Original
  • Published:
Wood Science and Technology Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Simul wood (Salmalia malabarica) was chemically modified by treatment with styrene–acrylonitrile copolymer (SAN), glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), and organically modified nanoclay. The physical properties of wood polymer composites (WPC) were improved due to the addition of GMA and nanoclay. XRD analysis indicated a decrease in crystallinity in WPC. FTIR study confirmed the presence of clay in WPC. The presence of clay in cell lumen and cell wall was evidenced by SEM study. WPC containing lower percentage of clay showed better thermal stability compared to WPC loaded with higher percentage of clay.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Alexandre M, Dubois P (2000) Polymer-layered silicate nanocomposites: preparation, properties and uses of a new class of materials. Mat Sci Eng R 28(1/2):1–63

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bourbigot S, Vanderhart DL, Gilman JW, Bellayer S, Stretz H, Paul DR (2004) Solid state NMR characterization and flammability of styrene–acrylonitrile copolymer montmorillonite nanocomposite. Polymer 45:7627–7638

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Cai X, Riedl B, Zhang SY, Wan H (2007) Formation and properties of nanocomposites made up form solid aspen wood, melamine-ureaformaldehyde, and clay. Holzforschung 61:148–154

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Cai X, Zhang SY, Wan H (2008) The impact of the nature of nanofillers on the performance of wood polymer nanocomposites. Compos Part A: Applied Science and Engineering 39:727–737

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cai X, Bernard R, Wan H, Zhang SY, Wang X (2010) A study on the curing and viscoelastic characteristics of melamine—urea–formaldehyde resin in the presence of aluminium silicate nanoclays. Compos Part A: Applied Science and Engineering 41(5):604–611

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Desai RL, Juneja SC (1972) Weatherometer studies on wood-plastic composites. Forest Prod J 22(9):100–103

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Devi RR, Maji TK (2008) Chemical modification of rubber wood with styrene and glycidyl methacrylate. Polym Compos 29(11):1258–1261

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Devi RR, Maji TK, Banerjee AN (2004) Studies on dimensional stability and thermal properties of rubber wood chemically modified with styrene and glyidyl methacrylate. J Appl Polym Sci 93:1938–1945

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Fang GZ, Li SJ, Liu JW (1999) Study of modifying Populus ussuriensis wood with PF resin of low molecular weight. China Wood Ind 13(5):17–19 (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  • Furuno T, Imamura Y, Kajita H (2004) The modification of wood by treatment with low molecular weight phenol-formaldehyde resin: a properties enhancement with neutralized phenolic-resin and resin penetration into wood cell walls. Wood Sci Technol 37:349–361

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Li Q, Lin WW, Song CF (2002) Preparation, characteristics and application of polymer matrix nanocomposites. Mater Sci Eng 20((1):108–110 67

    Google Scholar 

  • Lu WH, Zhao GJ, Xue ZH (2006) Preparation and characterization of wood/montmorillonite nanocomposites. For Stud in China 8(1):35–40

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Makshima RD, Gaidukors S, Zicans J, Kalnins M, Plume E, Spacek V, Sviglerova P (2006) Nanocomposite based on a styrene Acrylate copolymer and organically modified montmorrilonite and mechanical properties. Mech Compos Mater 42((3):375–388

    Google Scholar 

  • Ogiso K, Saka S (1994) Wood-inorganic composites prepared by the sol-gel process IV: effects of chemical bends between wood and inorganic substances on property enhancement. Mokuzai Gakkaishi 40(10):1100–1106

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Saka S, Tanno F (1996) Wood-inorganic composites prepared by the sol-gel process VII: effects of a property-enhance on fire-resistance in SiO2–P2O5 and SiO2–B2O3 wood-inorganic composites. Mokuzai Gakkaishi 42(1):81–86

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Shah AP, Gupta RK, Ganga Rao HVS, Powel CE (2002) Moisture diffusion through vinyl ester nanocomposites made with montmorillonite clay. Polym Eng Sci 42:1852–1863

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Shane BE, Gary RD, Loo TN (1995) Effects of coupling agent on the physical properties of wood-polymer composites. J Mater Process Technol 48:365–372

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shen XL, Lu X, Sun J, Chen HY, Chen LF (2005) Study of modifying fast growing Cunninghamia lanceolata with the natural organic matter. J Fujian For Sci Tech 32(2):10–12 (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  • Simpson W, TenWolde A (1999) Physical properties and moisture relations of wood. In: Wood handbook: wood as an engineering material, general technical report FPL- GTR-113, Madison, WI: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory

  • Sundarrajan S, Kishore K, Ganesh K (2001) A new polymeric flame retardant additive for vinyl polymers. Indian J Chem 40A:41–45

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Takeshi F, Tohru U (1993) Combination of wood and silicate III: some properties of wood-mineral composites using the water glass-boron compound system. Mokuzai Gakkaishi 39(5):561–570

    Google Scholar 

  • Takeshi F, Tohru U, Susumu J (1991) Combination of wood and silicateI: impregnation by water glass and application of aluminum sulphate and calcium chloride as reactants. Mokuzai Gakkaishi 37(5):462–472

    Google Scholar 

  • Takeshi F, Kwnta S, Tohru U (1992) Combination of wood and silicate II: wood-mineral composites using water glass and reactants of barium chloride, boric acid, and borax, and their properties. Mokuzai Gakkaishi 38(5):448–457

    Google Scholar 

  • Yap MGS, Que YT, Chia LH (1991) FTIR Characterization of Tropical Wood-polymer composites. J Appl Polym Sci 43:2087–2090

    Google Scholar 

  • Zhang J, Jiang DD, Wilkie CA (2006) Fire properties of styrenic polymer–clay nanocomposites based on an oligomerically-modified clay. Polym Degrad Stabl 91(2):358–366

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Zhang Y, Jin J, Wang S (2007) Effects of resin and wax on the water uptake behavior of wood strands. Wood Fibre Sci 39(2):271–278

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Zhao G, Lu WH (2008) Structure and characterization of Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) wood/MMT intercalation nanocomposite (WMNC). Front For China 3(1):121–126

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to T. K. Maji.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Devi, R.R., Maji, T.K. Chemical modification of simul wood with styrene–acrylonitrile copolymer and organically modified nanoclay. Wood Sci Technol 46, 299–315 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00226-011-0406-2

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00226-011-0406-2

Keywords

Navigation