Wood Science and Technology

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 39–46 | Cite as

Analysis of acetylated wood by electron microscopy

  • C. Sander
  • E. P. J. Beckers
  • H. Militz
  • W. van Veenendaal


The properties of acetylated solid wood were investigated earlier, in particular the anti-shrink efficiency and the resistance against decay. This study focuses on the possible changes and damage to the wood structure due to an acetylation process leading to weight per cent gains of up to 20%. Electron microscopy (SEM and TEM) was used to investigate the fine structure of acetylated beech, pine and spruce. Cell wall swelling was observed, but no evidence of damage could be seen as a result of the acetylation procedure. The fine structure of the wood tissue such as the pits and the thin parenchyma walls appeared untouched.


Acetic Anhydride Wood Structure Solid Wood Resin Canal Fibre Saturation Point 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to thank Jan van der Heijden (Wageningen) for his help with the SEM analysis and Anja Geitmann [Laboratory of Experimental Plant Morphology and Cell Biology (EPC), Wageningen University and Research Centre] for the preparation of samples for TEM analysis.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Sander
    • 1
  • E. P. J. Beckers
    • 2
  • H. Militz
    • 3
  • W. van Veenendaal
    • 4
  1. 1.RINNTECHHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.SHR Timber ResearchWageningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Institute of Wood Biology and TechnologyUniversity of GöttingenGöttingenGermany
  4. 4.Laboratory of Experimental Plant Morphology and Cell Biology (EPC)Wageningen University & Research CentreWageningenThe Netherlands

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