Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 236, Issue 3, pp 897–906 | Cite as

An exploratory investigation of the effects of whole-head vibration on jaw movements

  • Meg Simione
  • Jordan R. GreenEmail author
Research Article


The perturbing effects of vibration applied to head and body structures are known to destabilize motor control and elicit corrective responses. Although such vibration response testing may be informative for identifying sensorimotor deficits, the effect of whole-head vibration has not been tested on oromotor control. The purpose of this study was to determine how jaw movements respond to the perturbing effects of whole-head vibration during jaw motor tasks. Ten healthy adults completed speech, chewing, and two syllable repetition tasks with and without whole-head vibration. Jaw movements were recorded using 3D optical motion capture. The results showed that the direction and magnitude of the response were dependent on the task. The two syllable repetition tasks responded to vibration, although the direction of the effect differed for the two tasks. Specifically, during vibration, jaw movements became slower and smaller during the syllable repetition task that imposed speed and spatial precision demands, whereas jaw movements became faster and larger during the syllable repetition task that only imposed speed demands. In contrast, jaw movements were unaffected by the vibration during speech and chewing. These findings suggest that the response to vibration may be dependent on spatiotemporal demands, the availability of residual afferent information, and robust feedforward models.


Kinematics Vibration Sensorimotor integration Task-dependence Mandible 



The authors would like to thank James Kobler for his help with the development of the whole-head vibration apparatus and Brian Richburg, Lara Karpinski, and Marco Chaves for their help with data collection and processing. The authors would also like to acknowledge the funding support from NIH Grants R01DC013547 and K24DC016312.


The authors would like to acknowledge funding support from MGH Institute of Health Professions, and NIH Grants R01DC013547 and K24DC016312.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest.


  1. Abbs JH, Gracco VL (1983) Sensorimotor actions in the control of multi-movement speech gestures. Trends Neurosci 6:391–395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ackermann H, Riecker A (2010) Cerebral control of motor aspects of speech production: neurophysiological and functional imaging data. In: Maassen B, van Lieshout P (eds) Speech motor control: new developments in basic and applied research. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 117–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barlow SM, Finan DS, Rowland SG (1992) Mechanically evoked perioral reflexes in infants. Brain Res 599(1):158–160CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bogacz R, Wagenmakers EJ, Forstmann BU, Nieuwenhuis S (2010) The neural basis of the speed-accuracy tradeoff. Trends Neurosci 33(1):10–16. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Bohland JW, Guenther FH (2006) An fMRI investigation of syllable sequence production. NeuroImage 32(2):821–841. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Bosco C, Cardinale M, Tsarpela O (1999) Influence of vibration on mechanical power and electromyogram activity in human arm flexor muscles. Eur J Appl Physiol 79(4):306–311. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Burke D, Hagbarth KE, Löfstedt L, Wallin BG (1976) The responses of human muscle spindle endings to vibration of non‐contracting muscles. J Physiol 261(3):673–693CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Capaday C, Cooke JD (1981) The effects of muscle vibration on the attainment of intended final position during voluntary human arm movements. Exp Brain Res 42(2):228–230. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Capaday C, Cooke JD (1983) Experimental vibration-induced changes in movement-related EMG activity in humans. Exp Brain Res 52(1):139–146CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Cardinale M, Bosco C (2003) The use of vibration as an exercise intervention. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 31(1):3–7. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Cardinale M, Lim J (2003) Electromyography activity of vastus lateralis muscle during whole-body vibrations of different frequencies. J Strength Cond Res 17(3):621–624.<0621:EAOVLM>2.0.CO;2PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Cochrane DJ (2011a) The potential neural mechanisms of acute indirect vibration. J Sports Sci Med 10(1):19–30.
  13. Cochrane DJ (2011b) The potential neural mechanisms of acute indirect vibration. J Sports Sci Med 10(1):19–30. PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  14. Cordo P, Gurfinkel VS, Bevan L, Kerr GK (1995) Proprioceptive consequences of tendon vibration during movement. J Neurophysiol 74(4):1675–1688CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Eklund G (1972) Position sense and state of contraction; the effects of vibration. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 35(5):606–611. CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. Engelbrecht SE, Berthier NE, O'Sullivan LP (2003) The undershoot bias: learning to act optimally under uncertainty. Psychol Sci 14(3):257–261CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Floyd LM, Holmes TC, Dean JC (2014) Reduced effects of tendon vibration with increased task dem. Exp Brain Res 232(1):283–292. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Forner-Cordero A, Steyvers M, Levin O, Alaerts K, Swinnen SP (2008) Changes in corticomotor excitability following prolonged muscle tendon vibration. Behav Brain Res 190(1):41–49. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Godaux E, Desmedt JE (1975) Evidence for a monosynaptic mechanism in the tonic vibration reflex of the human masseter muscle. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 38(2):161–168CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. Golfinopoulos E, Tourville JA, Bohland JW, Ghosh SS, Nieto-Castanon A, Guenther FH (2011) fMRI investigation of unexpected somatosensory feedback perturbation during speech. NeuroImage 55(3):1324–1338. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Goodwin GM, McCloskey DI, Matthews PB (1972) Proprioceptive illusions induced by muscle vibration: contribution by muscle spindles to perception? Science 175(4028):1382–1384CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Green JR, Wilson EM, Wang Y-T, Moore CA (2007) Estimating mandibular motion based on chin surface targets during speech. J Speech Lang Hear Res 50(4):928–939. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. Green JR, Wang J, Wilson DL (2013) SMASH: a tool for articulatory data processing and analysis. In: Interspeech-2013, pp 1331–1335Google Scholar
  24. Griffin MJ (2004) Minimum health and safety requirements for workers exposed to hand-transmitted vibration and whole-body vibration in the European Union; a review. Occup Environ Med 61(5):387–397. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  25. Guenther FH (2006) Cortical interactions underlying the production of speech sounds. J Commun Disord 39(5):350–365. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Hagbarth KE, Hellsing G, Löfstedt L (1976) TVR and vibration-induced timing of motor impulses in the human jaw elevator muscles. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 39(8):719–728. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  27. Hasan Z (2005) The human motor control system’ s response to mechanical perturbation: should it, can it, and does it ensure stability ? J Mot Behav 37(6):484–493CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Hellsing G (1977) A tonic vibration reflex evoked in the jaw opening muscles in man. Arch Oral Biol 22(3):175–180CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Hellsing G (1978) Distortion of mandibular kinesthesia induced by vibration of human jaw muscles. Scand J Dent Res 86(6):486–494PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Houde JF, Jordan MI (1998) Sensorimotor adaptation in speech production. Science 279(5354):1213–1216. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Inglis JT, Frank JS (1990) The effect of agonist/antagonist muscle vibration on human position sense. Exp Brain Res 81(3):573–580. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Ivanenko YP, Grasso R, Lacquaniti F (2000) Influence of leg muscle vibration on human walking. J Neurophysiol 84(4):1737–1747. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Jones JA, Munhall KG (2003) Learning to produce speech with an altered vocal tract: the role of auditory feedback. J Acoust Soc Am 113(1):532–543. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Kasai T, Kawanishi M, Yahagi S (1992) The effects of wrist muscle vibration on human voluntary elbow flexion–extension movements. Exp Brain Res 90(1):217–220. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Koziol LF, Budding DE, Chidekel D (2011) Sensory integration, sensory processing, and sensory modulation disorders: putative functional neuroanatomic underpinnings. Cerebellum 10(4):770–792. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Laboissière R, Lametti DR, Ostry DJ (2009) Impedance control and its relation to precision in orofacial movement. J Neurophysiol 102(1):523–531CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. Lametti DR, Nasir SM, Ostry DJ (2012) Sensory preference in speech production revealed by simultaneous alteration of auditory and somatosensory feedback. J Neurosci 32(27):9351–9358CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  38. Lane H, Guenther FH, Denny M (2007) Effects of short-and long-term changes in auditory feedback on vowel and sibilant contrasts. J Speech Lang Hear Res 50(4):913–927CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Loucks TMJ, De Nil LF (2001) The effects of masseter tendon vibration on nonspeech oral movements and vowel gestures. J Speech Lang Hear Res 44(2):306–316CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Loucks TMJ, De Nil LF (2006) Anomalous sensorimotor integration in adults who stutter: a tendon vibration study. Neurosci Lett 402(1–2):195–200. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Lund JP, Kolta A (2006) Generation of the central masticatory pattern and its modification by sensory feedback. Dysphagia 21(3):167–174. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Luschei E, Goldberg L (1981) Neural mechanisms of mandibular control: mastication and voluntary biting. In: Comprehensive physiology, pp 1237–1274. Accessed 10 May 2014
  43. Mefferd AS, Green JR, Pattee G (2012) A novel fixed-target task to determine articulatory speed constraints in persons with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. J Commun Disord 45(1):35–45. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Miall RC, Wolpert DM (1996) Forward models for physiological motor control. Neural Networks 9(8):1265–1279. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Mileva KN, Bowtell JL, Kossev AR (2009) Effects of low-frequency whole-body vibration on motor-evoked potentials in healthy men. Exp Physiol 94(1):103–116. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Mistry S, Hamdy S (2008) Neural control of feeding and swallowing. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 19(4):709–728. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Moore CA, Smith A, Ringel RL (1988) Task-specific organization of activity in human jaw muscles. J Speech Lang Hear Res 31(4):670–680CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Nip ISB, Green JR (2013) Increases in cognitive and linguistic processing primarily account for increases in speaking rate with age. Child Dev 84(4):1324–1337. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  49. Oliveira FTP, Elliott D, Goodman D (2005) Energy-minimization bias: compensating for intrinsic influence of energy-minimization mechanisms. Mot Control 9(1):101–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Omrani M, Pruszynski JA, Murnaghan CD, Scott SH (2014) Perturbation-evoked responses in primary motor cortex are modulated by behavioral context. J Neurophysiol 112(11):2985–3000. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Perkell JS (2012) Movement goals and feedback and feedforward control mechanisms in speech production. J Neurolinguist 25(5):382–407. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Perkell J, Matthies M, Lane H, Guenther F, Wilhelms-Tricarico R, Wozniak J, Guiod P (1997) Speech motor control: acoustic goals, saturation effects, auditory feedback and internal models. Speech Commun 22(2):227–250. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Pollock RD, Woledge RC, Martin FC, Newham DJ (2012) Effects of whole body vibration on motor unit recruitment and threshold. J Appl Physiol 112(4):388–395. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. R Core Team (2013) R: a language and environment for statistical computing. ViennaGoogle Scholar
  55. Ritzmann R, Gollhofer A, Kramer A (2013) The influence of vibration type, frequency, body position and additional load on the neuromuscular activity during whole body vibration. Eur J Appl Physiol 113(1):1–11. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Rogers B, Arvedson J (2005) Assessment of infant oral sensorimotor and swallowing function. Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 11(1):74–82. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Roll JP, Vedel JP (1982) Kinaesthetic role of muscle afferents in man, studied by tendon vibration and microneurography. Exp Brain Res 47(2):177–190. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Roll JP, Vedel JP, Ribot E (1989) Alteration of proprioceptive messages induced by tendon vibration in man: a microneurographic study. Exp Brain Res 76(1):213–222CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Rommel N, De Meyer A-M, Feenstra L, Veereman-Wauters G (2003) The complexity of feeding problems in 700 infants and young children presenting to a tertiary care institution. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 37(1):75–84. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Siggelkow S, Kossev A, Schubert M, Kappels HH, Wolf W, Dengler R (1999) Modulation of motor evoked potentials by muscle vibration: the role of vibration frequency. Muscle Nerve 22(11):1544–1548.<1544::AID-MUS9>3.0.CO;2-8CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Smith A, Denny M (1990) High-frequency oscillations as indicators of neural control mechanisms in human respiration, mastication, and speech. J Neurophysiol 63(4):745–758CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Smith A, Moore CA, McFarland DH, Weber CM (1985) Reflex responses of human lip muscles to mechanical stimulation during speech. J Mot Behav 17(2):148–167CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. Sörös P, Sokoloff LG, Bose A, McIntosh AR, Graham SJ, Stuss DT (2006) Clustered functional MRI of overt speech production. NeuroImage 32(1):376–387. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Tempel LW, Perlmutter JS (1992) Vibration-induced regional cerebral blood flow responses in normal aging. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 12(4):554–561. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Tourville JA, Reilly KJ, Guenther FH (2008) Neural mechanisms underlying auditory feedback control of speech. Neuroimage 39(3):1429–1443. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Tremblay S, Shiller DM, Ostry DJ (2003) Somatosensory basis of speech production the hypothesis that speech goals are defined acoustically and maintained by auditory feedback is a central idea in speech production research. Nature 423(6942):866–869CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Tsukiboshi T, Sato H, Tanaka Y, Saito M, Toyoda H, Morimoto T, Kang Y (2012) Illusion caused by vibration of muscle spindles reveals an involvement of muscle spindle inputs in regulating isometric contraction of masseter muscles. J Neurophysiol 108(9):2524–2533. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Vidoni ED, Boyd LA (2008). Motor sequence learning occurs despite disrupted visual and proprioceptive feedback. Behav Brain Funct. PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  69. Wang Y, Rahmatalla S (2013) Human head–neck models in whole-body vibration: effect of posture. J Biomech 46(4):702–710. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. Wickelgren WA (1977) Speed-accuracy tradeoff and information processing dynamics. Acta Physiol (Oxf) 41(1):67–85Google Scholar
  71. Zaidell LN, Mileva KN, Sumners DP, Bowtell JL (2013) Experimental evidence of the tonic vibration reflex during whole-body vibration of the loaded and unloaded leg. PLoS One 8(12):1–9. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Ziegler W (2002) Task-related factors in oral motor control: speech and oral diadochokinesis in dysarthria and apraxia of speech. Brain Lang 80(3):556–575. Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsMassGeneral Hospital for ChildrenBostonUSA
  2. 2.Speech and Feeding Disorders LabMGH Institute of Health ProfessionsBostonUSA

Personalised recommendations