Algebra of Observables and Charge Superselection Sectors for QED on the Lattice
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Quantum Electrodynamics on a finite lattice is investigated within the hamiltonian approach. First, the structure of the algebra of lattice observables is analyzed and it is shown that the charge superselection rule holds. Next, for every eigenvalue of the total charge operator a canonical irreducible representation is constructed and it is proved that all irreducible representations corresponding to a fixed value of the total charge are unique up to unitary equivalence. The physical Hilbert space is by definition the direct sum of these superselection sectors. Finally, lattice quantum dynamics in the Heisenberg picture is formulated and the relation of our approach to gauge fixing procedures is discussed.
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