European Food Research and Technology

, Volume 245, Issue 4, pp 775–791 | Cite as

Factors influencing post-mortem quality, safety and storage stability of mackerel species: a review

  • Izumi SoneEmail author
  • Torstein Skåra
  • Stein Harris Olsen
Review Article


Consumers’ demand for fishery products and attentiveness of seafood quality continue to grow. The perishability of mackerel species and the potential risk of foodborne illness demands adequate control of production, processing, storage and distribution to ensure post-mortem quality, safety and storage stability. This review provides a comprehensive overview of the intrinsic and extrinsic factors influencing the quality changes in mackerel raw material from capture/slaughter, post-mortem handling and to storage. The main topics include effects of the muscle composition, capture/slaughter methods and handling onboard fishing vessels and at landing, e.g. bleeding. Concerning frozen storage, the literature included in this review demonstrates the importance of raw material properties, storage temperature and freezing methods for maintaining the product quality and the storage stability of mackerel. Thawing is another important aspect which requires optimization with respect to several factors e.g. raw material properties and in adaption to production and processing capacity. Since mackerel muscle contains a high amount of free histidine, temperature control through the complete supply chain is essential to prevent the formation and accumulation of toxic histamine which can lead to scombroid food poisoning. For storage stability and shelf life extension, efficiency of glazing and use of antioxidants and reduced-oxygen packaging are discussed.


Mackerel Muscle composition Handling and processing Freezing and thawing Microbial quality and scombroid fish poisoning Shelf life extension by antioxidants, glazing and packaging 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Compliance with ethics requirements

This review does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Izumi Sone
    • 1
    Email author
  • Torstein Skåra
    • 1
  • Stein Harris Olsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Nofima ASTromsøNorway

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