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European Food Research and Technology

, Volume 243, Issue 7, pp 1261–1275 | Cite as

Fractionation and isolation of polyphenols from Aronia melanocarpa by countercurrent and membrane chromatography

  • Tuba Esatbeyoglu
  • Miriam Rodríguez-Werner
  • Peter Winterhalter
Original Paper

Abstract

In the current study, the fractionation and isolation of polyphenols from Aronia melanocarpa has been performed with two different chromatographic techniques on a large scale. On the one hand, the fractionation of polyphenols such as anthocyanins, phenolic acids, quercetin–glycosides and flavanons from A. melanocarpa pomace was done by high-speed countercurrent chromatography and low-speed rotary countercurrent chromatography. On the other hand, the preseparation of A. melanocarpa extracts from pomace and juice in an anthocyanin and a co-pigment fraction was carried out by membrane chromatography after removing the polymeric procyanidins by precipitation with ethanol. Afterward, the separation and isolation of anthocyanins and co-pigments were done by preparative countercurrent chromatography. Purity control and identification of the isolated compounds were made by HPLC–PDA, HPLC–ESI-MSn and 1H- as well as 13C-NMR spectroscopy. Various compounds, e.g., chlorogenic acids, isorhamnetin-, apigenin-, luteolin- and taxifolin-derivatives, are described for A. melanocarpa for the first time.

Keywords

Chokeberry Polyphenols Anthocyanins Membrane adsorber Preparative countercurrent chromatography 

Abbreviations

HPLC

High performance liquid chromatography

HSCCC

High-speed countercurrent chromatography

LSRCCC

Low-speed rotary countercurrent chromatography

HPCCC

High-performance countercurrent chromatography

TFA

Trifluoroacetic acid

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful for the technical assistance of Janina Westphal and Josefine Ostberg. The authors thank the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF—Bundesministerium für Bildung and Forschung) for financial support of the joint project “Dietary procyanidins” (Grant 0313828C). A. melanocarpa samples were kindly provided by Melanie Stürtz (Symrise, Holzminden, Germany) and Kelterei Walther (Dresden, Germany).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethics requirements

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.

Supplementary material

217_2016_2837_MOESM1_ESM.doc (31 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 31 kb)
217_2016_2837_MOESM2_ESM.doc (34 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOC 34 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tuba Esatbeyoglu
    • 1
  • Miriam Rodríguez-Werner
    • 1
  • Peter Winterhalter
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Food ChemistryTechnische Universität BraunschweigBraunschweigGermany

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