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Update on element content profiles in eleven wild edible mushrooms from family Boletaceae

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The aim of this study was to determine and evaluate the amounts of major elements (Ca, Fe, K, Na and P), essential trace elements (Cu, Zn, Fe and Mn) and some other trace metals (Ag, Al, Co, Ni, Cr, Sr, Se, Bi, Rb) in eleven species of wild-grown common edible mushrooms from family Boletaceae (Boletus appendiculatus, Boletus edulis, Boletus regius, Boletus fechtneri, Boletus impolitus, Boletus purpureus, Boletus rhodoxanthus, Leccinum crocipodium, Leccinum pseudoscaber, Xerocomellus chrysenteron, Xerocomus badius) from Serbia. The measurements of major elements (Ca, Fe, K, Na and P) were carried out by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES), while analytical measurements of the rest of studied elements were performed using an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS), after microwave digestion. The results showed that the element concentrations were species-dependent. Potassium and phosphorous concentrations were found to be greater than those of the other mineral constituents in all tested species. Multivariate analysis included principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analyses (HCA). HCA grouped mushrooms in three statistically significant clusters, while PCA indicated connection between analyzed metals. Also, this paper highlights the importance of essential and nonessential elements of human health and their daily intake.

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The research was supported by Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia [172051]. Marija Dimitrijevic is grateful to Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia for providing scholarships for researchers. The authors wish to acknowledge to Marjan Kustera and Mycological Society of Nis for the sampling and determining mushrooms samples.

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Correspondence to Marija V. Dimitrijevic.

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Dimitrijevic, M.V., Mitic, V.D., Cvetkovic, J.S. et al. Update on element content profiles in eleven wild edible mushrooms from family Boletaceae . Eur Food Res Technol 242, 1–10 (2016).

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