European Food Research and Technology

, Volume 240, Issue 2, pp 335–343 | Cite as

Experimental and theoretical study of bisphenol A migration from polycarbonate into regulated EU food simulant

  • A. Torres
  • C. Ramirez
  • J. Romero
  • G. Guerrero
  • X. Valenzuela
  • A. Guarda
  • M. J. Galotto
Original Paper


The specific migration of [2,2-bis(4 hydroxyphenyl) propane] from polycarbonate films into ethanol 50 % food simulant was studied. A phenomenological model based on a resistances-in-series system was resolved through the regula falsi algorithm. The diffusion–convection model was not able to describe the BPA concentration change as a function of time after 40 h, since an equilibrium condition with a plateau is not achieved. BPA generation due to PC hydrolysis produces an increase in BPA concentration. The continuous generation of BPA can be described by a generation–diffusion–convection model, where BPA generation obeys to a pseudo-zero-order reaction.


Bisphenol A Migration Diffusion coefficient Food safety 



The authors thank the National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICYT), for its financial support from the National Fund for Scientific and Technological Development, FONDECYT [Grant No. 1120368], FONDEF Project D09I1043, “Propuesta Científica de Normativa para el Desarrollo de Envases Plásticos Inocuos: Una Metodología Científica Tecnológica de Apoyo a Instituciones Públicas y Privadas para Fortalecer la Estrategia Nacional de Consolidación de la Industria Alimentaria”, and for its financial support of Basal Financing Program Science and Technological Centers of Excellence [Grant No. F0807].

Conflict of interest


Compliance with Ethics Requirements

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Torres
    • 1
  • C. Ramirez
    • 1
  • J. Romero
    • 2
  • G. Guerrero
    • 2
  • X. Valenzuela
    • 1
  • A. Guarda
    • 1
  • M. J. Galotto
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Food Packaging (LABEN), Center for the Development of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (CEDENNA), Technology FacultyUniversity of Santiago de Chile (USACH)SantiagoChile
  2. 2.Laboratory of Membrane Separation Processes (LABPROSEM), Engineering FacultyUniversity of Santiago de Chile (USACH)SantiagoChile

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