Simultaneous pre-concentration of Pb and Sn in food samples and determination by atomic absorption spectrometry
- 331 Downloads
A cloud point extraction (CPE) method has been developed for the pre-concentration and simultaneous determination of lead [Pb(II)] and tin [Sn(II)] using Acridine Orange as complexing reagent and mediated by nonionic surfactant (Triton X-114) by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). The main factors affecting analytical performance of CPE have been investigated in detail. The extracted surfactant-rich phase was diluted with (1.0 mol L−1) nitric acid in methanol, prior to subjecting FAAS. The calibration graphs obtained from Pb(II) and Sn(II) were linear in the concentration ranges of 5–1,000 and 10–5,000 μg L−1 with detection limits of 1.40 and 2.86 μg L−1, respectively. The relative standard deviations for 10 replicates containing 25 μg L−1 of Pb(II) and Sn(II) were 2.15 and 2.50 %, respectively. The analytical procedure was verified by the analysis of the standard reference materials NWTMDA-61.2 (water-trace elements) and NIST SRM 1548a (typical diet). The developed method has been applied to the simultaneous determination of total Pb and Sn in canned food samples including juices, tomato paste, corn, and green pea.
KeywordsLead Tin Acridine Orange Cloud point extraction Food samples
This study has been supported by Cumhuriyet University Scientific Research Projects Commission as the research projects with the F-367 code.
Conflict of interest
Compliance with Ethics Requirements
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.
- 2.TS 266 (Turkish Standard) (2005) Water intended for human consumption (in Turkish), AnkaraGoogle Scholar
- 3.WHO (2008) Guidelines for drinking water quality, volume 1, recommendation. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
- 26.Baes CF, Messmer RE (1976) The hydrolysis constants occasions. Wiley-Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 33.Tavallali H, Asrari E, Attaran AM, Tabandeh M (2010) Int J Chem Tech Res 2(3):1731–1737Google Scholar
- 35.Shiri S, Delpisheh A, Haeri A, Poornajaf A, Golzadeh B, Shiri S (2011) Anal Chem Insights 6:15–20Google Scholar