Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry

, Volume 367, Issue 5, pp 445–449 | Cite as

Automated multiple solid phase micro extraction. An approach to enhance the limit of detection for the determination of pesticides in water

  • J. Lipinski
Original paper


A method was developed to decrease the limit of detection (LOD) for pesticide residue analysis in water using multiple SPME. To enhance the absolute amount transferred to the GC column an enrichment step is integrated in the SPME/GC-analysis. A series of several extraction and desorption steps are performed and the analytes are trapped at the front of the cold GC column before the GC analysis is started. The parameters mainly influencing this enrichment are the equilibrium time, the slope of the adsorption time/peak area profile at its start, the number and the duration of the extraction steps. The role of these parameters was investigated.


SPME Pesticide Residue Equilibrium Time Absolute Amount Extraction Step 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Lipinski
    • 1
  1. 1.SOFIA GmbH, Rudower Chaussee 29, D-12489 BerlinDE

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