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The interfacial interactions of nanomaterials with human serum albumin

Abstract

The fates of nanomaterials (NMs) in vivo are greatly dependent on their interactions with human serum proteins. However, the interfacial molecular details of NMs-serum proteins are still difficult to be probed. Herein, the molecular interaction details of human serum albumin (HSA) with Au and SiO2 nanoparticles have been systematically interrogated and compared by using lysine reactivity profiling mass spectrometry (LRP-MS). We demonstrated the biocompatibility of Au is better than SiO2 nanoparticles and the NMs surface charge state played a more important role than particle size in the combination of NMs-HSA at least in the range of 15–40 nm. Our results will contribute to the fundamental mechanism understanding of NMs-serum protein interactions as well as the NMs rational design.

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Acknowledgements

We acknowledged the financial support by the National Key R&D Program of China (2019YFE0119300), National Natural Science Foundation of China (32088101), the Original Innovation Project of CAS (ZDBS-LY-SLH032), and the grant from DICP (DICPI202007).

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Correspondence to Fangjun Wang.

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He, M., Zhang, W., Liu, Z. et al. The interfacial interactions of nanomaterials with human serum albumin. Anal Bioanal Chem 414, 4677–4684 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-022-04089-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-022-04089-1

Keywords

  • Nanomaterials
  • Human serum proteins
  • Lysine reactivity profiling
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Interfacial molecular details