Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 408, Issue 20, pp 5633–5640 | Cite as

Lectin binding studies on a glycopolymer brush flow-through biosensor by localized surface plasmon resonance

  • Ruben R. Rosencrantz
  • Vu Hoa Nguyen
  • Hyunji Park
  • Christine Schulte
  • Alexander Böker
  • Uwe Schnakenberg
  • Lothar EllingEmail author
Research Paper


A localized surface plasmon resonance biosensor in a flow-through configuration was applied for investigating kinetics of lectin binding to surface-grafted glycopolymer brushes. Polycarbonate filter membranes with pore sizes of 400 nm were coated with a 114-nm thick gold layer and used as substrate for surface-initiated atom-transfer radical polymerization of a glycomonomer. These grafted from glycopolymer brushes were further modified with two subsequent enzymatic reactions on the surface to yield an immobilized trisaccharide presenting brush. Specific binding of lectins including Clostridium difficile toxin A receptor domain to the glycopolymer brush surface could be investigated in a microfluidic setup with flow-through of the analytes and transmission surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy.

Graphical abstract

Glycopolymer brushes serve as high affinity ligands for lectin and toxin interactions in a sensitive, disposable flow-through LSPR biosensor


Localized surface plasmon resonance Glycopolymer brush Microfluidics Bacterial toxin Glycosyltransferase Biosensors 



R.R.R., L.E., and A.B. acknowledge funding by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) in the framework of the SFB 985.

Compliance with ethical standards

The research did not involve human participants or animals.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

216_2016_9667_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (502 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 501 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruben R. Rosencrantz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vu Hoa Nguyen
    • 3
  • Hyunji Park
    • 4
  • Christine Schulte
    • 2
  • Alexander Böker
    • 4
    • 5
  • Uwe Schnakenberg
    • 3
  • Lothar Elling
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory for Biomaterials, Institute for Biotechnology and Helmholtz-Institute for Biomedical EngineeringRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  2. 2.Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer ResearchPotsdamGermany
  3. 3.Institute of Materials in Electrical Engineering 1RWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  4. 4.Leibniz Institute for Interactive Materials, Department for Macromolecular Materials and Surfaces at RWTH AachenAachenGermany
  5. 5.Chair of Polymer Materials and Polymer TechnologiesUniversity of Potsdam, Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer ResearchPotsdamGermany

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