Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 408, Issue 16, pp 4413–4424 | Cite as

Production of trace elements in coastal sea water certified reference material NMIA MX014

  • Jeffrey P. Merrick
  • David L. Saxby
  • Ian E. A. W. White
  • Luminita Antin
  • E. John Murby
Research Paper


A certified reference material (CRM) for trace elements in acidified sea water, NMIA MX014, has been produced by the National Measurement Institute Australia (NMIA). The CRM consists of natural coastal sea water with 12 elements (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Se and V) fortified to levels relevant to environmental regulatory testing in Australia ranging from 0.4 to 22 μg/kg. Certified values for these 12 elements were assigned using reference methods developed at NMIA, using either isotope dilution or standard addition with ICP-MS measurement. Specialised sample preparation (coprecipitation) and ICP-MS optimisation (online dilution, collision/reaction chemistry, high mass resolution) were used to negate the effect of the high level of dissolved solids. Multiple confirmatory experiments were performed in order to verify that ICP-MS spectral interferences were eliminated and to estimate the measurement uncertainty contribution from method precision and method trueness. Extensive homogeneity and stability testing was performed and the measurement uncertainty of certified values includes contributions from between-bottle homogeneity, short-term stability, medium-term stability and long-term stability. Special attention was paid to the stability of Hg due to well-known preservation problems. Acidified sea water matrix was satisfactory for stabilising Hg at 0.4 μg/kg for at least 4 years. Relative expanded uncertainties (k = 2) for the 12 certified values were between 1 and 11 %. NMIA MX014 is intended for use as a reference material for analytical method validation and quality control for quantification of trace elements in saline water and other similar sample types.


Trace metal Sea water ICP-MS Certified reference material Quality control 

Supplementary material

216_2016_9546_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (294 kb)
ESM 1(PDF 293 kb)


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Copyright information

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Australia 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey P. Merrick
    • 1
  • David L. Saxby
    • 1
  • Ian E. A. W. White
    • 1
  • Luminita Antin
    • 1
  • E. John Murby
    • 1
  1. 1.National Measurement InstituteNorth RydeAustralia

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