Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 407, Issue 26, pp 7973–7981 | Cite as

Time-resolved spectroscopy of a homogeneous dielectric barrier discharge for soft ionization driven by square wave high voltage

  • Vlasta HorvaticEmail author
  • Antje Michels
  • Norman Ahlmann
  • Günter Jestel
  • Damir Veza
  • Cedomil Vadla
  • Joachim Franzke
Research Paper


Helium capillary dielectric barrier discharge driven by the square wave-shaped high voltage was investigated spatially and temporally by means of optical emission spectroscopy. The finding of the previous investigation conducted with the sinusoidal-like high voltage was confirmed, i.e., the plasma in the jet and the plasma in the capillary constitute two temporally separated events. The plasma in the jet occurs prior to the discharge in the capillary and exists only during the positive half period of the applied high voltage. The time delay of the capillary discharge with respect to the discharge in the jet depended on the high voltage, and it was between 2.4 and 8.4 μs for the voltage amplitude change in the range from 1.96 to 2.31 kV, respectively. It was found that, compared to sinusoidal-like voltage, application of the square wave high voltage results with stronger (~6 times) He line emission in the jet, which makes the latter more favorable for efficient soft ionization. The use of the square wave high voltage enabled comparison of the currents (~1 mA) flowing in the capillary during the positive and negative high voltage periods, which yielded the estimation for the charge dissipated in the atmosphere ((4 ± 20 %) × 10−11 C) through the plasma jet.


Dielectric barrier discharge ionization Soft ionization Time-resolved emission spectroscopy 



The financial support by the Ministerium für Innovation, Wissenschaft und Forschung des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen, the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (project no. FR 1192/13-1) is gratefully acknowledged. This work has been supported in part by the Croatian Science Foundation under the project no. 2753.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vlasta Horvatic
    • 1
    Email author
  • Antje Michels
    • 2
  • Norman Ahlmann
    • 2
  • Günter Jestel
    • 2
  • Damir Veza
    • 3
  • Cedomil Vadla
    • 1
  • Joachim Franzke
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of PhysicsZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.ISAS—Leibniz Institut für analytische WissenschaftenDortmundGermany
  3. 3.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia

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