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Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 407, Issue 21, pp 6357–6368 | Cite as

Metabolomic analysis of wild and transgenic Nicotiana langsdorffii plants exposed to abiotic stresses: unraveling metabolic responses

  • Elisa ScalabrinEmail author
  • Marta Radaelli
  • Giovanni Rizzato
  • Patrizia Bogani
  • Marcello Buiatti
  • Andrea Gambaro
  • Gabriele Capodaglio
Research Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry in Food and Environmental Analysis

Abstract

Nicotiana langsdorffii plants, wild and transgenic for the Agrobacterium rhizogenes rol C gene and the rat glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene, were exposed to different abiotic stresses (high temperature, water deficit, and high chromium concentrations). An untargeted metabolomic analysis was carried out in order to investigate the metabolic effects of the inserted genes in response to the applied stresses and to obtain a comprehensive profiling of metabolites induced during abiotic stresses. High-performance liquid chromatography separation (HPLC) coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) enabled the identification of more than 200 metabolites, and statistical analysis highlighted the most relevant compounds for each plant treatment. The plants exposed to heat stress showed a unique set of induced secondary metabolites, some of which were known while others were not previously reported for this kind of stress; significant changes were observed especially in lipid composition. The role of trichome, as a protection against heat stress, is here suggested by the induction of both acylsugars and glykoalkaloids. Water deficit and Cr(VI) stresses resulted mainly in enhanced antioxidant (HCAs, polyamine) levels and in the damage of lipids, probably as a consequence of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Moreover, the ability of rol C expression to prevent oxidative burst was confirmed. The results highlighted a clear influence of GR modification on plant stress response, especially to water deficiency—a phenomenon whose applications should be further investigated. This study provides new insights into the field of system biology and demonstrates the importance of metabolomics in the study of plant functioning.

Graphical Abstract

Untargeted metabolomic analysis was applied to wild type, GR and RolC modified Nicotiana Langsdorffii plants exposed to heat, water and Cr(VI) stresses. The key metabolites, highly affected by stress application, were identified, allowing to outline the main metabolic responses to stress in each plant genotype.

Keywords

Metabolomic HPLC-HRMS Nicotiana langsdorffii Environmental stress GR rol C 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the PRIN grant number 20098TN4CY from the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR). The authors thank Dr. Daniela Almansi for improving English language.

Supplementary material

216_2015_8770_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (676 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 676 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisa Scalabrin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marta Radaelli
    • 2
  • Giovanni Rizzato
    • 1
  • Patrizia Bogani
    • 3
  • Marcello Buiatti
    • 3
  • Andrea Gambaro
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gabriele Capodaglio
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and StatisticsUniversity of VeniceVeniceItaly
  2. 2.Institute for the Dynamics of Environmental Processes-CNRUniversity of VeniceVeniceItaly
  3. 3.Department of Evolutionary BiologyFlorence UniversityFlorenceItaly

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