Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 407, Issue 11, pp 3009–3021 | Cite as

S1 certification of alpha-endosulfan, beta-endosulfan, and endosulfan sulfate in a candidate certified reference material (organochlorine pesticides in tea) by isotope dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

  • Della Wai-mei Sin
  • Yee-Lok WongEmail author
  • Eddie Chung-chin Cheng
  • Man-fung Lo
  • Clare Ho
  • Chuen-shing Mok
  • Siu-kay Wong
Research Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Reference Materials for Chemical Analysis


This paper presents the certification of alpha-endosulfan, beta-endosulfan, and endosulfan sulfate in a candidate tea certified reference material (code: GLHK-11-03) according to the requirements of the ISO Guide 30 series. Certification of GLHK-11-03 was based on an analytical method purposely developed for the accurate measurement of the mass fraction of the target analytes in the material. An isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS) method involving determination by (i) gas chromatography-negative chemical ionization-mass spectrometry (GC-NCI-MS) and (ii) gas chromatography-electron ionization-high-resolution mass spectrometry (GC-EI-HRMS) techniques was employed. The performance of the described method was demonstrated through participation in the key comparison CCQM-K95 “Mid-Polarity Analytes in Food Matrix: Mid-Polarity Pesticides in Tea” organized by the Consultative Committee for Amount of Substance-Metrology in Chemistry in 2012, where the study material was the same as the certified reference material (CRM). The values reported by using the developed method were in good agreement with the key comparison reference value (KCRV) assigned for beta-endosulfan (727 ± 14 μg kg−1) and endosulfan sulfate (505 ± 11 μg kg−1), where the degree of equivalence (DoE) values were 0.41 and 0.40, respectively. The certified values of alpha-endosulfan, beta-endosulfan, and endosulfan sulfate in dry mass fraction in GLHK-11-03 were 350, 730, and 502 μg kg−1, respectively, and the respective expanded uncertainties, due to sample inhomogeneity, long-term and short-term stability, and variability in the characterization procedure, were 27 μg kg−1 (7.8 %), 48 μg kg−1 (6.6 %), and 33 μg kg−1 (6.6 %).

Graphical abstract

Assignment of property values


Certified reference material Alpha-endosulfan Beta-endosulfan Endosulfan sulfate Isotope dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry 



The authors would like to thank Dr. Chau-ming Lau (Government Chemist) of the Government Laboratory of HKSAR, for his support and encouragement during this project. Thanks are also given to Drs. Wai-on Lee, Yiu-chung Yip, Yiu-chung Wong, and Mr. Chi-shing Ng for their helpful discussion and Wing-yin Yeung, Wing-ki Law, Chung-tung Kwok, Wai-shan Chu, and Phoebe Y. T. Hon for their contributions in this work. The contents of this paper do not necessarily reflect the views of the Government of the HKSAR nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute endorsement or recommendations for use.

Supplementary material

216_2015_8455_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (470 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 470 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Della Wai-mei Sin
    • 1
  • Yee-Lok Wong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eddie Chung-chin Cheng
    • 1
  • Man-fung Lo
    • 1
  • Clare Ho
    • 1
  • Chuen-shing Mok
    • 1
  • Siu-kay Wong
    • 1
  1. 1.Government LaboratoryKowloonChina

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