Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 406, Issue 23, pp 5561–5571 | Cite as

Metal-nanoparticle-involved chemiluminescence and its applications in bioassays

Review
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Analytical Bioluminescence and Chemiluminescence

Abstract

Chemiluminescence-based bioassays have become increasingly important in clinical, pharmaceutical, environmental, and food safety fields owing to their high sensitivity, wide linear range, and simple instrumentation. During the past decade, it has been found that metal nanoparticles can initiate various liquid-phase chemiluminescence reactions as catalysts, reductants, energy acceptors, and nanosized reaction platforms owing to their unique optical, catalytic, and surface properties and chemical reactivity, which are very important for chemiluminescence bioassays based on metal nanoparticles as nanoprobes or a nanointerface. In this article, we summarize recent progress in metal-nanoparticle-initiated liquid-phase chemiluminescence, including reaction systems, mechanisms, and their applications in chemiluminescence-based bioassays, especially for immunoassays, DNA assays, aptamer-based assays, high-performance liquid chromatography or capillary electrophoresis analysis, and flow injection analysis.

Figure

Comprehensive summary of metal nanoparticle (NP)-involved chemiluminescence (CL) systems and their applications. CE capillary electrophoresis, HPLC highperformance liquid chromatography

Keywords

Metal nanoparticles Chemiluminescence Mechanism Bioassay 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Financial support of this research by the National Natural Science Foundation of the People’s Republic of China (grant nos. 21173201, 21075115, and 20625517) and the Overseas Outstanding Young Scientist Program of the China Academy of Sciences is gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, Department of ChemistryUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and ExploitationChengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina

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