Liquid–liquid extraction of actinides, lanthanides, and fission products by use of ionic liquids: from discovery to understanding


Liquid–liquid extraction of actinides and lanthanides by use of ionic liquids is reviewed, considering, first, phenomenological aspects, then looking more deeply at the various mechanisms. Future trends in this developing field are presented.

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Carbamoyl-methyl phosphine oxide


Tributyl phosphate






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Correspondence to Isabelle Billard.

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Published in the special issue Radioanalytics - Dedicated to Marie Skłodowska-Curie with Guest Editors Boguslaw Buszewski and Philippe Garrigues.

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Billard, I., Ouadi, A. & Gaillard, C. Liquid–liquid extraction of actinides, lanthanides, and fission products by use of ionic liquids: from discovery to understanding. Anal Bioanal Chem 400, 1555–1566 (2011).

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  • Actinides
  • Lanthanides
  • Liquid–liquid extraction
  • Ionic liquids