Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 397, Issue 1, pp 319–329 | Cite as

Multimethod analysis of Iranian Ilkhanate ceramics from the Takht-e Soleyman palace

  • Laura Osete-Cortina
  • María Teresa Doménech-Carbó
  • Antonio Doménech
  • Dolores Julia Yusá-Marco
  • Hossein Ahmadi
Original Paper

Abstract

The present work describes an analytical study performed on several pieces of Iranian Ilkhanate glazed ceramics from the Takht-e Soleyman palace (Iran, thirteenth century). Several advanced instrumental techniques, including pyrolysis–gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, Fourier transform IR spectroscopy, light microscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy–X-ray microanalysis and voltammetry of microparticles, were used. The results obtained led to identification of the chemical and mineralogical composition of the pastes and glazes and the colouring agents. Corrosion processes associated with the extreme burial conditions in which the pieces remained for centuries were characterized in some areas of the glazes. A drying oil was identified as the main component of the organic material that was used as the adhesive for the decorative gold sheets applied on the glazes. This finding is in good agreement with traditional recipes. Interestingly, this drying oil exhibits an unusual composition as the gold sheet preserved it from external ageing agents (light, atmosphere, etc.).

Figure

Tiles with cobalt blue glaze from the indoor decoration of the Takht-e Soleyman Palace (13th-15th centuries, Iran). a: 20986-8, b: 20986-10 and c:21300a

Keywords

Ilkhanate ceramics Pyrolysis–gas chromatography–mass spectrometry Scanning electron microscopy–energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis Voltammetry of microparticles Fourier transform IR spectroscopy X-ray diffraction 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support from the Spanish I+D+I MICINN project CTQ2008-06727-C03-01 and 02/BQU supported by ERDEF funds as well as the Generalitat Valenciana I+D project ACOMP/2009/171 is gratefully acknowledged. The authors would like to thank Manuel Planes i Insausti and José Luis Moya, technical supervisors responsible for the Electron Microscopy Service of the Universitat Politécnica de València.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura Osete-Cortina
    • 1
  • María Teresa Doménech-Carbó
    • 1
  • Antonio Doménech
    • 2
  • Dolores Julia Yusá-Marco
    • 1
  • Hossein Ahmadi
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut de Restauració del PatrimoniUniversitat Politécnica de ValènciaValenciaSpain
  2. 2.Departamento Química Analítica, Facultad de QuímicaUniversidad de ValenciaValenciaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Conservation and Restoration of Cultural HeritageArt University of EsfahanEsfahanIran

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