Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 397, Issue 1, pp 17–23 | Cite as

The environmental challenge for analytical sciences

Trends

Abstract

In this paper the major elements of the European Union’s policy on environmental protection and sustainable development and the resulting challenges for analytical sciences are presented. The priority issues dealt with are:
  • Sustainable management of natural resources: air, water and soil

  • Climate change and clean energy

  • Global development cooperation

Analytical sciences are required to provide policy-relevant information for the development and implementation of European Union legislation and form a strong pillar for a sustainable evolution of our region and our planet. It shows what information needs to be provided, how the necessary quality levels can be achieved and what new approaches, e.g. combining measurements and modelling, or earth observations with in situ chemical/physical measurements, need to be taken to achieve an integrated assessment of the state of the environment and to develop approaches for sustainable development.

Keywords

Analytical sciences Environment Sustainable development Natural resources Climate change Renewable energies Development cooperation 

Notes

Declaration

The content of this paper is based on research results obtained at the Joint Research Centre, which provides science-based support to the European Commission for questions relating to the sustainable development of the European Union.

Disclaimer

The content of this paper cannot be interpreted as an official statement of the European Commission, even if it reflects the political intentions of the European Union.

References

  1. 1.
    Steffen W, Crutzen PJ, McNeill JR (2007) AMBIO 36:614–621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Carson RL (1962) Silent spring. Houghton Mifflin, BostonGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Meadows DL, Meadows DL, Randers J, Behrens WW (1972) The limits to growth. Universe Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    World Commission for Environment and Development (1987) Our common future. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Solimi A, Cardoso AC, Heiskanen A-C (2006) Indicators and methods for the ecological status assessment under the Water Framework Directive. EUR 22314. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    van de Bund W, Solimini A (2007) Ecological quality ratios for ecological quality assessment of inland and marine waters. EUR 22722. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zaldivar JM et al (2007) Threshold of contaminants: a synthesis report. EUR 23019. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dulio V (ed) (2006) Emerging environmental pollutants: key issues and challenges. EUR 22806. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Grizzetti B, Bouraoui F (2006) Assessment of nitrogen and phosphorus environmental pressure at European scale. EUR 22526. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mulligan D et al (2005) An atlas of pan-European data for investigating the fate of agrochemicals in terrestrial ecosystems. EUR 22334. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chapelle A et al (2005) Coastal lagoon modelling: an integrated approach. EUR 21816. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Heiskanen A-C et al (2005) Monitoring strategies for phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea coastal waters. EUR 21583. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cenci R M, Sena F (2006) Bio-Bio Project: biodiversity-bioindication to evaluate soil health. EUR 22245. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    European Commission—Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability (2009) European Soil Data Center (ESDAC): background. http://eusoils.jrc.ec.europa.eu/library/esdac/esdac.htm
  15. 15.
    Stolbovoy V, Montanarella L, Panagos P (2007) Carbon sink enhancement in soils of Europe: data, modelling, verification. EUR 23037. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Toth G, Stolbovoy V, Montanarella L (2007) Soil quality and sustainability evaluation - an integrated approach to support soil-related policies in the European Union. EUR 22721. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2007) IPCC fourth assessment report: climate change 2007. Available via http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_and_data_reports.htm#1
  18. 18.
    Dankers R, Hiederer R (2008) Extreme temperatures and precipitation in Europe: analysis of a high resolution climate change scenario. EUR 23291. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ciais P et al (2005) Nature 437:529–533CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bergamaschi P (ed) (2007) Atmospheric monitoring and inverse modelling for verification of national and EU bottom-up green house gas inventories. EUR 22893. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Gobron N, Romanowicz A, Aussedat O (2007) Land surface indicators from space: methodology and preliminary results. EUR 22477. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Eisenreich SJ (ed) (2005) Climate change and the European water dimension. EUR 21553. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hoepffner N (ed) (2006) Marine and coastal dimension of climate change in Europe. EUR 22554. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    EEA-JRC-WHO (2008) Impact of Europe’s changing climate – 2008 indicator based assessment. European Environment Agency, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Genovese A et al (2007) An assessment of weather-related risks in Europe: maps of flood and drought risks. EUR 23208. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bartholomé E (ed) (2006) VGT4Africa. EUR 22344. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hartley A et al (2007) The assessment of African protected areas. EUR 22780. Joint Research Centre, IspraGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations