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Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 396, Issue 1, pp 273–296 | Cite as

Passive sampling as a tool for obtaining reliable analytical information in environmental quality monitoring

  • Bożena ZabiegałaEmail author
  • Agata Kot-Wasik
  • Magdalena Urbanowicz
  • Jacek Namieśnik
Review

Abstract

Passive sampling technology has been developing very quickly for the past 20 years, and is widely used for monitoring pollutants in different environments, for example air, water, and soil. It has many significant advantages, including simplicity, low cost, no need for expensive and complicated equipment, no power requirements, unattended operation, and the ability to produce accurate results. The present generation of passive samplers enables detection and analysis of bioavailable pollutants at low and very low concentrations and investigation of the environmental concentration of organic and inorganic pollutants not only on the local scale but also on continental and global scales. This review describes the current application of passive sampling techniques in environmental analysis and monitoring, under both equilibrium and non-equilibrium conditions.

Keywords

Passive sampling Monitoring Environmental quality studies Water quality control Air quality control 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bożena Zabiegała
    • 1
    Email author
  • Agata Kot-Wasik
    • 1
  • Magdalena Urbanowicz
    • 1
  • Jacek Namieśnik
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Analytical Chemistry Chemical FacultyGdansk University of TechnologyGdańskPoland

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