pH effect on dynamic coating for capillary electrophoresis of DNA
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A buffer consisting of tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane, 2-(N-moropholino)ethanesulfonic acid (Mes) and EDTA with constant ion strength was used to investigate the effect of buffer pH on the dynamic coating behavior of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) for DNA separation. The atomic force microscopy (AFM) image illustrated that PNIPAM in lower-pH buffer was much more efficient in covering a silica wafer than that in higher-pH buffer. The coating performance of PNIPAM was also quantitatively analyzed by Fourier transform IR attenuated total reflectance spectroscopy and by measuring the electroosmotic flow (EOF). These results indicated that the stability of the dynamic coating was dependent on the pH of the sieving matrix and was improved by reducing the pH to the weak-acid range. The lower pH of the sieving buffer may induce the polymer more efficiently to adsorb on the capillary wall to suppress EOF and DNA–capillary wall interaction for DNA separation. The enhanced dynamic coating capacity of PNIPAM in lower-pH buffer may be attributed to the hydrogen bonds between the hydroxyl groups of the silica surface and the oxygen atom of the carbonyl groups of PNIPAM.
KeywordsCapillary electrophoresis pH Dynamic coating DNA separation Poly-N-isopropylacrylamide
This research was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (grant nos. 20305012 and. 20427002).
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