On the reductive hydrogenation process of gas-phase metal dioxides: H2 activation or reduction of the metal center, what is more important?

  • Patricio González-Navarrete
  • Monica CalatayudEmail author
Regular Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. 11th Congress on Electronic Structure: Principles and Applications (ESPA-2018)


A detailed CCSD(T)//B3LYP study is presented to unravel the gas-phase reductive hydrogenation process of dioxides MO2 (M = Si, Ti, Zr, Sn, Hf, Ir Ce) according to the following reaction MO2 + H2 → M(OH)2. For the reductive hydrogenation process, a heterolytic H–H bond cleavage is considered via hydride intermediates OMH(OH). A discussion concerning the effects of the reducibility of the metal centers and the structural aspects of the dioxides is presented. The results show that the activation of molecular hydrogen is directly related to the capability of the oxide to polarize the H2 molecule prior to the H–H bond cleavage, although the formation of hydride intermediates does not necessarily guarantee further reduction of the metal center. The activation of the reduction reaction to form M(OH)2 is found to be significantly larger than the activation to form the OMH(OH) intermediate. This gas-phase study aims to enhance the fundamental understanding of elementary steps in reductive hydrogenation processes of metal oxides.


Reductive hydrogenation Metal dioxides Gas-phase H2 activation 



This work was performed using HPC resources from GENCI- CINES/IDRIS (Grants 2018- x2018082131, 2019- x2019082131) and the CCRE-DSI of Université P. M. Curie. The authors are grateful to Sorbonne Université for the PER-SU iDROGEN project.

Supplementary material

214_2019_2482_MOESM1_ESM.docx (29 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 28 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire de Chimie Théorique (LCT)Sorbonne Université and CNRSParisFrance

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