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Theoretical Chemistry Accounts

, Volume 120, Issue 4–6, pp 363–374 | Cite as

Quantitative derivation of the bijective link between molecular data and UV–visible absorption spectra for diluted molecules: guidelines for non specialists

  • Rémy Fortrie
  • Henry ChermetteEmail author
Regular Article
  • 69 Downloads

Abstract

In this article, we give a detailed derivation of the theoretical sequence leading from molecular data to UV–visible absorption spectra, and back from absorption spectra to molecular data, in the widely encountered case of linearly absorbent molecular species homogeneously and isotropically diluted in a homogeneous and isotropic transparent matrix or solvent. At each step of the derivation, assumptions and approximations are clearly explained and references are provided for the justifications which are out of the scope of the present article. The precision and the limitations of such spectroscopic investigations are then underlined and quantified on two examples: a hypothetic academic one-dimensional system and the \({\rm Ni}({\rm H}_{2}{\rm O})_{6}^{2+}\) aqueous complex. The present interdisciplinary article aims to contribute to more efficient, and more and more necessary, interplays and mutual interactions between theoreticians and experimentalists by providing, to nonspecialists of both sides, a rather complete but clear and accessible description of the previously mentioned bijective sequence.

Keywords

Spectroscopy UV–visible Absorption Theory Experiment Quantitative Link 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, CNRS UMR 5182, Laboratoire de ChimieUniversité de LyonLyon Cedex 07France
  2. 2.CNRS UMR 5180 Sciences Analytiques, Chimie Physique Théorique, Bât. Paul Dirac (210)Université de Lyon, Université Lyon 1Villeurbanne CedexFrance

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