Ab initio structure and vibrational frequencies of lithium aromatic sulfonyl imide salts
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The structure and vibrational frequencies of an aromatic lithium sulfonyl imide, i.e., lithium bis(4-nitrophenylsulfonyl)imide (LiNPSI) has been studied using self-consistent ab initio Hartree–Fock and hybrid density functional methods. These calculations engender two linkage isomers, which correspond to the local minima on the potential-energy surface. In the lowest-energy isomer, the ligand binds to the metal ion through two oxygens, one from each of the different SO2 groups on the central nitrogen and forms a six-membered ring. Another LiNPSI isomer, wherein the anion coordinates through oxygen and nitrogen atoms and which is 55.9 kJmol−1 higher in energy, has also been obtained. The S–N–S bond angle in the free anion as well as in the LiNPSI complex turns out to be nearly 121°. A comparison of the vibrational spectra of the free NPSI anion and that of the LiNPSI complex reveals that the SO2 stretching vibrations at 1,239 and 1,205 cm−1 can be used to differentiate between the two linkage isomers of the complex. The stronger complexation ability of the NPSI anion, compared to that for (CF3SO2)2N− has been explained in terms of the charge density within the molecular electrostatic potential isosurface encompassing both SO2 groups of the anion.
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