Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology

, Volume 388, Issue 2, pp 119–132 | Cite as

Clues to the functions of plant NDPK isoforms

  • Sonia Dorion
  • Jean RivoalEmail author


This review describes the five nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDPK) genes found in both model plants Arabidopsis thaliana (thale cress) and Oryza sativa L. (rice). Phylogenetic and sequence analyses of these genes allow the definition of four types of NDPK isoforms with different predicted subcellular localization. These predictions are supported by experimental evidence for most NDPK types. Data mining also provides evidence for the existence of a novel NDPK type putatively localized in the endoplasmic reticulum. Phylogenic analyses indicate that plant types I, II, and III belong to the previously identified Nme group I whereas type IV belongs to Nme group II. Additional analysis of the literature offers clues supporting the idea that the various plant NDPK types have different functions. Hence, cytosolic type I NDPKs are involved in metabolism, growth, and stress responses. Type II NDPKs are localized in the chloroplast and mainly involved in photosynthetic development and oxidative stress management. Type III NDPKs have dual targeting to the mitochondria and the chloroplast and are principally involved in energy metabolism. The subcellular localization and precise function of the novel type IV NDPKs, however, will require further investigations.


Plant Nucleoside diphosphate kinase Isoform Stress Metabolism Growth and development 



Adenylate kinase


Adenine nucleotide translocator


Endoplasmic reticulum


Green fluorescent protein


Inner membrane


Intermembrane space


Nucleoside diphosphate


Nucleoside diphosphate kinase


Nucleoside triphosphate


Programmed cell death


Reactive oxygen species



This work was supported by a Discovery Grant from the National Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) and a grant from the Projet de Recherche en Équipe from the Fonds de Recherche du Québec - Nature et technologies (FRQ-NT).


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IRBVUniversité de MontréalMontréalCanada

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