Vitamin D metabolism impairment in the rat’s offspring following maternal exposure to 137cesium
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Previous works clearly showed that chronic contamination by 137cesium alters vitamin D metabolism. Since children are known to be a high-risk group for vitamin D metabolism disorders, effects of 137Cs on vitamin D biosynthetic pathway were investigated in newborn rats. The experiments were performed in 21-day-old male offspring of dams exposed to 137Cs in their drinking water at a dose of 6,500 Bq/l (150 Bq/rat/day) during the lactation period. Significant modifications of blood calcium (−7%, P < 0.05), phosphate (+80%, P < 0.01) and osteocalcin (−25%, P < 0.05) levels were observed in contaminated offspring, associated with an increase of blood vitamin D3 (+25%, P < 0.01). Besides, decreased expression levels of cyp2r1 and cyp27b1 (−26 and −39%, respectively, P < 0.01) were measured in liver and kidney suggesting a physiological adaptation in response to the rise in vitamin D level. Expressions of vdr, ecac1, cabp-d28k, ecac2 and cabp-9k involved in renal and intestinal calcium transport were unaffected. Altogether, these data show that early exposure to post-accidental doses of 137Cs induces the alteration of vitamin D metabolism, associated with a dysregulation of mineral homeostasis.
Keywords137Cesium Chronic contamination Cytochrome P450 Vitamin D3 Maternal exposure
Epithelial Ca2+ channel
Retinoid X receptor
Vitamin D receptor
The authors thank T. Loiseau and C. Baudelin for their assistance during animal’s exposure and experimentation. This study was part of the ENVIRHOM research program supported by the Institute for Radioprotection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN).
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