Colletotrichum trifolii is a plant pathogenic fungus causing alfalfa anthracnose. Prepenetration development, including conidial germination and appressorial formation, are requisite for successful infection. Pharmacological data from our laboratory indicated a role for a cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) pathway during these early morphogenic transitions. Thus, the cloning and characterization of the genes for PKA catalytic and regulatory subunits were undertaken to more precisely determine the function of PKA during C. trifolii pathogenic growth and development. In this report, the cloning, sequencing, and partial characterization of the gene encoding the regulatory subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (Ct-PKAR) is described. An open reading frame of 1,212 bp containing 404 predicted amino acid residues was identified. Database analysis revealed that the deduced amino acid sequence of Ct-PKAR shares considerable similarity with that of PKA regulatory subunits in other organisms, particularly in the conserved regions. Furthermore, the Ct-PKAR protein is classified as a type II regulatory subunit based on the presence of the hallmark autophosphorylation site. Southern blot analysis indicated that Ct-PKAR is a single-copy gene. Northern blot analysis showed that the expression of Ct-PKAR is developmentally regulated. Ct-PKAR was shown to be a functional regulatory subunit of PKA by complementating the Neurospora crassa mcb mutant, which has a temperature-sensitive mutation in the regulatory subunit of PKA.
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Received: 26 August 1998 / Accepted: 30 December 1998
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Yang, Z., Dickman, M. Molecular cloning and characterization of Ct-PKAR, a gene encoding the regulatory subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase in Colletotrichum trifolii. Arch Microbiol 171, 249–256 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1007/s002030050707