Properties and primary structure of a thermostable l-malate dehydrogenase from Archaeoglobus fulgidus
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A thermostable l-malate dehydrogenase from the hyperthermophilic sulfate-reducing archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus was isolated and characterized, and its gene was cloned and sequenced. The enzyme is a homodimer with a molecular mass of 70 kDa and catalyzes preferentially the reduction of oxaloacetic acid with NADH. A. fulgidus l-malate dehydrogenase was stable for 5 h at 90° C, and the half-life at 101° C was 80 min. Thus, A. fulgidus l-malate dehydrogenase is the most thermostable l-malate dehydrogenase characterized to date. Addition of K2HPO4 (1 M) increased the thermal stability by 40%. The primary structure shows a high similarity to l-lactate dehydrogenase from Thermotoga maritima and gram-positive bacteria, and to l-malate dehydrogenase from the archaeon Haloarcula marismortui and other l-lactate-dehydrogenase-like l-malate dehydrogenases.
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