Two novel Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, circular, convex, light-pink and white-colored bacterial strains BT291T and BT350T were isolated from soil collected in Uijeongbu city (37° 44′ 55″ N, 127° 2′ 20″ E) and Jeju island (33° 22′ 48″ N, 126° 31′ 48″ E), respectively, South Korea. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that each of the strains BT291T and BT350T belong to a distinct lineages within the genus Microvirga (family Methylobacteriaceae, order Rhizobiales, class Alpha Proteobacteria, phylum Proteobacteria, kingdom Bacteria). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between the two strains BT291T and BT350T was 97.4%. The two strains were found to have the same quinone system, with Q-10 as the major respiratory quinone. The major polar lipids of strains BT291T and BT350T were phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), diphosphatydilglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG). The major cellular fatty acids of strain BT291T were C18:1 ω7c (58.2%) and cyclo-C19:0 ω8c (25.7%). The major cellular fatty acids of strain BT350T were C18:1 ω7c (38.5%) and cyclo-C19:0 ω8c (27.7%). Based on the polyphasic analysis (phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and biochemical), strains BT291T and BT350T can be suggested as two novel bacterial species within the genus Microvirga and the proposed names are Microvirga pudoricolor and Microvirga alba, respectively. The type strain of Microvirga pudoricolor is BT291T (= KCTC 72368T = NBRC 114845T) and the type strain of Microvirga alba is BT350T (= KCTC 72385T = NBRC 114848T).
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This work was supported by a research grant from Seoul Women’s University (2021) and by a grant from the National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR), funded by the Ministry of Environment (MOE) of the Republic of Korea (NIBR202002203). In addition, we are grateful to Dr. Aharon Oren (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel) for helping with the etymology.
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The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the strains BT291T and BT350T were deposited in GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ under the accession numbers are MT795755 and MT795757, respectively. The draft genome sequences of the strains BT291T and BT350T are available at the following accessions JAFEMB000000000 and JADQDO010000000, respectively.
Communicated by Erko Stackebrandt.
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Oh, H., Kim, M.K. & Srinivasan, S. Microvirga pudoricolor sp. nov., and Microvirga alba sp. nov., isolated from soil in South Korea. Arch Microbiol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00203-021-02569-z