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Paenibacillus albus sp. nov., a UV radiation-resistant bacterium isolated from soil in Korea

Abstract

A novel Gram-stain-positive, motile, white color and endospore-forming bacterium, designated 18JY67-1T, was isolated from soil in Jeju Island, Korea. The strain grow at 15–42 °C (optimum 30 °C) in R2A medium at pH (6.0–9.5) (optimum 7.5). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain 18JY67-1T formed a distinct lineage within the family Paenibacillaceae (order Bacillales, class Bacilli), and was closely related to Paenibacillus rhizoryzae (KP675984; 96.9% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). The major cellular fatty acids of the strain 18JY67-1T were C16:0 and anteiso-C15:0. The predominant respiratory quinones were MK-7. The major polar lipid was identified as diphosphatidylglycerol. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic properties clearly indicated that isolate 18JY67-1T represents a novel species within the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus flavus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Paenibacillus flavus is 18JY67-1T (= KCTC 33959T = JCM 33184T).

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by a research grant from Seoul Women’s University (2018) and a grant from the National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR), funded by the Ministry of Environment (MOE) of the Republic of Korea (NIBR201801106).

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All the authors equally contributed in this work.

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Correspondence to Myung Kyum Kim.

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Communicated by Erko Stackebrandt.

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The GenBank accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain 18JY67-1T is MK074849. The draft genome sequence of strain 18JY67-1T has been deposited in GenBank/DDBJ/EMBL under the accession number CP034437. The Digital Protologue database (Rosselló-Móra et al. 2017) TaxoNumber for strain 18JY67-1T is TA00821.

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Jang, J.H., Maeng, S.H., Sathiyaraj, S. et al. Paenibacillus albus sp. nov., a UV radiation-resistant bacterium isolated from soil in Korea. Arch Microbiol 201, 1111–1118 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00203-019-01669-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00203-019-01669-1

Keywords

  • Paenibacillaceae
  • Paenibacillus sp.
  • Novel species
  • Taxonomy