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Blastococcus deserti sp. nov., isolated from a desert sample

Abstract

A Gram-positive and aerobic actinobacterium, strain SYSU D8006T, was isolated from a desert sand sample collected from Gurbantunggut desert, China. Phenotypically, the strain was found to grow at 14–50 °C, pH 6.0–9.0 and in the presence of up to 4% (w/v) NaCl. The chemotaxonomic features of strain SYSU D8006T included menaquinone MK-9(H4) as the respiratory quinone, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside as known polar lipids, iso-C15:0, iso-C16:0, C17:1ω8c and C18:1ω9c as the predominant fatty acids, and arabinose, galactose and glucose as the whole cell sugars. Strain SYSU D8006T shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence identity with Blastococcus jejuensis DSM 19597T (98.2%). Based on the analyses of the phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic characteristics, strain SYSU D8006T is characterized to represent a novel species of the genus Blastococcus, for which the name Blastococcus deserti sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SYSU D8006T (= CGMCC 1.15935T = KCTC 49026T = CPCC 204618T).

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Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Dr. Rüdiger Pukall (DSMZ, Germany) for providing the reference type strains. This research was supported by the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region regional coordinated innovation project (Shanghai Cooperation Organization Science and Technology Partnership Program) (Grant No. 2017E01031), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 31850410475), the Deanship of Scientific Research at Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, through the Research Groups Program (Grant No. RGP-1438-0004), and China Biodiversity Observation Networks (SinoBON). WJL is supported by a project funded by Guangdong Province Higher Vocational Colleges and Schools Pearl River Scholar Funded Scheme (2014).

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NS and WJL conceived the study. ZWY, LYL, MDA and XL performed research. LYL, ZWY, DHMA and NS analyzed data. ZWY, NS and WJL wrote the paper. All authors approved the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Nimaichand Salam or Wen-Jun Li.

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This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Communicated by Erko Stackebrandt.

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Yang, ZW., Asem, M.D., Li, X. et al. Blastococcus deserti sp. nov., isolated from a desert sample. Arch Microbiol 201, 193–198 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00203-018-1604-1

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Keywords

  • Blastococcus deserti sp. nov.
  • Xinjiang
  • Gurbantunggut Desert